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Aristotle’s Categories in the Early Roman Empire$
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Michael J. Griffin

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198724735

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198724735.001.0001

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(p.205) 8 Conclusions
Aristotle’s Categories in the Early Roman Empire

Michael J. Griffin

Oxford University Press

This chapter draws together the conclusions of the preceding argument. As Aristotle’s esoteric works began to attract some new interest in the limited circles represented by men like Tyrannio, and among Peripatetics like Andronicus and Ariston, we might see Andronicus as especially struck by the value of the Categories as a proleptic treatise able to ‘tease out’ and articulate our preconceptions. Andronicus, then, brought the treatise to the attention of a wider audience. The Platonist Eudorus exemplifies that interest, but the Platonists’ willingness to read the Categories as a map of intelligible reality drew criticism like that from Lucius’. Andronicus’ pupil, Boethus of Sidon, replied to these criticisms (engaging in turn in a more detailed metaphysical interpretation of the Categories), but also replied to the linguistic reading of the Categories represented by Athenodorus, of whom Andronicus may not even have been aware. Boethus introduces a fundamentally new way of understanding the Categories as a treatise about semantics.

Keywords:   Aristotle, Categories, Greek philosophy, Roman philosophy, Peripatetic philosophy, philosophy of language

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