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Oxford Studies in Experimental PhilosophyVolume 1$
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Joshua Knobe, Tania Lombrozo, and Shaun Nichols

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198718765

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718765.001.0001

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The Cognitive Mechanisms of Intolerance*

The Cognitive Mechanisms of Intolerance*

Do our Meta-Ethical Commitments Matter?

Chapter:
(p.28) 2 The Cognitive Mechanisms of Intolerance*
Source:
Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy
Author(s):

Jennifer Cole Wright

Cullen B. McWhite

Piper T. Grandjean

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718765.003.0003

Recent scholarship suggests that people are meta-ethical pluralists: they view some moral issues as objectively grounded, while viewing others as grounded non-objectively. It was hypothesized that this pluralism serves an important psycho-social function, influencing the degree to which people tolerate divergent beliefs/values. The studies reported here tested this hypothesis, finding that 1) people are meta-ethical pluralists, 2) the issues people identified as moral and objectively-grounded generated the greatest intolerance for divergent beliefs and values, and 3) perceived consensus mediated the relationship between grounding and tolerance, suggesting that objectively-grounded moral issues may increase expectations of consensus, turning anyone who disagrees into an outsider worthy of disapprobation

Keywords:   tolerance, meta-ethics, morality, moral beliefs, pluralism

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