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Our Lady of the NationsApparitions of Mary in 20th-Century Catholic Europe$
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Chris Maunder

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198718383

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718383.001.0001

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Basque Raggle-Taggle

Basque Raggle-Taggle


(p.74) 7 Basque Raggle-Taggle
Our Lady of the Nations

Chris Maunder

Oxford University Press

The title of this chapter derives from the account of the Ezkioga visions in the travel writing of Walter Starkie, entitled Spanish Raggle-Taggle, meaning a collection of disparate things. Ezkioga in the Basque country attracted such a medley of visions and pilgrims that the description is apt. Starkie’s account is an excellent first-hand view of the events, but Ezkioga was more thoroughly researched by William Christian, who recorded the memories of those involved many years later. Like Fátima, Ezkioga’s cult was born in the context of national division in Spain between republicanism and Catholicism but, unlike Fátima, it did not receive Church approval and became progressively more sectarian in character, rejected by republic and Franco's regime successively. Nevertheless, the Ezkioga concepts of ‘miracle’ and ‘chastisement’ became enormously influential in the international apparition cult.

Keywords:   Spain, Basque country, republicanism, European history, Spanish Civil War

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