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Handbook of ValuePerspectives from Economics, Neuroscience, Philosophy, Psychology and Sociology$
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Tobias Brosch and David Sander

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198716600

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716600.001.0001

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What are values? Where do they come from? A developmental perspective

What are values? Where do they come from? A developmental perspective

(p.129) Chapter 7 What are values? Where do they come from? A developmental perspective
Handbook of Value

Diana Boer

Klaus Boehnke

Oxford University Press

In human development, values fulfill various roles as individual motivational goals. Values form and develop in interaction with close others, while the surrounding environment contributes to variability across cultures and changes across time. This chapter introduces perspectives on how values develop and change. It focuses primarily on personal development but also on cultural value change, because values encapsulate personal and cultural continuity and change. Looking at individual value development first, it introduces central developmental theories and links them to value theories, their functions for development, and their measurement. Furthermore, it discusses two phases of value development: in childhood/adolescence and across the lifespan. The chapter closes with a look at societal values and cultural value change. Construing value development from ontogenetic and phylogenetic developmental perspectives enables an integrated understanding of values as central individual, as well as cultural constructs, which are dynamic, multi-layered and complex rather than static, mono-layered and bald.

Keywords:   child development, lifespan development, transmission, functions of values, societal influences

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