The chapter presents main conceptual distinctions underlying much of modern philosophical thinking about value. The introductory section is followed by an outline of the contrast between non-relational value (impersonal good, or good, period) and relational value (good for someone, or—more generally—good for some entity). In the third, the focus is on the distinction between final and non-final value, as well as on different kinds of final value. The last section considers value relations, such as being better/worse/equally good/on a par. Recent discussions suggest that it might be necessary to considerably extend traditional taxonomies of value relations.
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