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Handbook of ValuePerspectives from Economics, Neuroscience, Philosophy, Psychology and Sociology$
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Tobias Brosch and David Sander

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198716600

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716600.001.0001

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Value taxonomy

Value taxonomy

(p.23) Chapter 2 Value taxonomy
Handbook of Value

Wlodek Rabinowicz

Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen

Oxford University Press

The chapter presents main conceptual distinctions underlying much of modern philosophical thinking about value. The introductory section is followed by an outline of the contrast between non-relational value (impersonal good, or good, period) and relational value (good for someone, or—more generally—good for some entity). In the third, the focus is on the distinction between final and non-final value, as well as on different kinds of final value. The last section considers value relations, such as being better/worse/equally good/on a par. Recent discussions suggest that it might be necessary to considerably extend traditional taxonomies of value relations.

Keywords:   good, good for, personal value, impersonal value, final value, intrinsic value, instrumental value, value relations, parity, incommensurability

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