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Handbook of ValuePerspectives from Economics, Neuroscience, Philosophy, Psychology and Sociology$
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Tobias Brosch and David Sander

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198716600

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716600.001.0001

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The place of values in a world of politics: personality, motivation, and ideology

The place of values in a world of politics: personality, motivation, and ideology

Chapter:
(p.351) Chapter 17 The place of values in a world of politics: personality, motivation, and ideology
Source:
Handbook of Value
Author(s):

John T. Jost

Elvira Basevich

Eric S. Dickson

Sharareh Noorbaloochi

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716600.003.0017

This chapter reviews major taxonomic approaches to the study of values, organizing discussion around the theory of political ideology as motivated social cognition. In addition, it summarizes existing research programs addressing the connections among personality characteristics, value priorities, and political ideology, focusing especially on the values of equality and tradition. It is found that citizens in long-standing democracies such as Western Europe and North America tend to exhibit patterns consistent with an “elective affinities” model, which is characterized by a sorting of individuals into ideological classifications that match their underlying psychological needs and motives, but such patterns are absent or less apparent in newer Eastern European democracies. Additional data analyses are presented involving a sample of university students in Texas, and these indicate that (1) values mediate some of the effects of personality characteristics on political ideology, and (2) ideological proclivities mediate some of the effects of personality characteristics on value prioritization.

Keywords:   personality, values, motivation, ideology, political orientation

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