This chapter surveys the kinds of value that music can have, or the variety of ways in which music can be valued, and the relationships and correlations among those values or ways of valuing. First and foremost is music’s musical value, or the value of music as music, which is a species of artistic value, itself closely related to, but not identical with, esthetic value. Yet music clearly has value beyond its purely musical value. Music obviously has economic value, whether as a commodity, a service, or a skill. More generally, music has, or can have, various sorts of practical value. Notable among the practical values of music would be its social value, its entertainment value, its therapeutic value, its functioning-enhancement value, and its self-affirmation value. The relationship between the practical and instrumental value that a piece of music possesses and the musical or artistic value it possesses is complicated, and varies from case to case.
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