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Handbook of ValuePerspectives from Economics, Neuroscience, Philosophy, Psychology and Sociology$
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Tobias Brosch and David Sander

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198716600

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716600.001.0001

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Prudential value or well-being

Prudential value or well-being

(p.287) Chapter 14 Prudential value or well-being
Handbook of Value

Raffaele Rodogno

Oxford University Press

Well-being or prudential value is one of the things typically considered when figuring out what options, experiences, pursuits, or kinds of lives to pursue or choose. What’s best for me or in my best interest, the life of pleasure or the pursuit of knowledge? This chapter begins by introducing the linguistic contours of prudential value. It then presents a sceptical challenge to the effect that well-being is not a sui generis kind of value but rather always reducible to absolute value. It then shows how philosophy most broadly systematizes well-being claims in two main theoretical families, formal and substantive. The chapter then illustrates the main players from both theoretical families, namely, hedonism, desire satisfaction theory, perfectionism, objective list theories, and happiness theories. Finally, it shows how recent work in psychology and affective science should be viewed as the more or less explicit empirical articulation of these philosophical theories.

Keywords:   well-being, prudential value, hedonism happiness, desire satisfaction, perfectionism, relational value, objective list, subjective well-being, objective happiness, eudaimonism

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