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The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses, Third Edition$
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Peter J. Hogarth

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198716549

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716549.001.0001

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Community Structure and Dynamics

Community Structure and Dynamics

(p.55) 4 Community Structure and Dynamics
The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses, Third Edition

Peter J. Hogarth

Oxford University Press

Mangroves exist in a range of environmental settings, which determine forest structure; gradients in physical variables such as salinity determine species distribution within a mangrove forest. Mangroves promote sedimentation and resist erosion, and hence to some extent create land. They also create and modify a physical environment which is colonized by numerous other species: mangroves are ecosystem engineers. Seagrasses also create and consolidate a habitat. Both habitats are dynamic, prone to disturbance by storms and waves: seagrass meadows are particularly volatile.

Keywords:   mangrove, seagrass meadow, forest structure, physical gradients, plant succession, patch dynamics, species interactions, geomorphological change, zonation, ecosystem engineer

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