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The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses, Third Edition$
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Peter J. Hogarth

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198716549

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716549.001.0001

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Mangroves and Seagrasses

Mangroves and Seagrasses

Chapter:
(p.1) 1 Mangroves and Seagrasses
Source:
The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses, Third Edition
Author(s):

Peter J. Hogarth

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716549.003.0001

Mangroves are dicotyledonous woody shrubs or trees that occupy intertidal muddy shores. Seagrasses are monocotyledonous plants that live intertidally or subtidally on sand or mud. Both occupy an environment that is, either permanently or intermittently, submerged, and show structural and physiological adaptation to waterlogging, being rooted in anoxic soil, and high salinity. Both mangroves and seagrasses are polyphyletic: these adaptations evolved a number of times, independently. Mangroves are almost exclusively tropical in distribution; seagrasses extend into temperate latitudes. Where they occur, both mangroves and seagrasses generally dominate their environment.

Keywords:   mangroves, seagrasses, distribution, species, taxonomy

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