Recently the demand for evidence-based policy-making and therefore analytical capacity in administration resurged. Beginning by defining different types of analytical capacity, and considering who within executive government can perform analytical tasks, this chapter discusses the main challenges governments face in exerting analytical skills. The discussion then moves to institutional and methodological constraints in the use of analytical capacity. However, this is not the only challenge for governments. The questions of quality assessment and how analytical capacity can be measured need to be raised. Any such discussion will have to consider the institutional background of the given polity, and the different vulnerabilities and levers that influence the transfer of analytical knowledge into real executive politics. Finally, the chapter offers some innovative examples of how to improve the analytical capacity of government.
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