Throughout the Christian tradition, Chrysostom has received remarkably positive reviews for his biblical interpretation and teaching. Prominent theologians have praised his erudition and ability to adapt his advanced knowledge to the needs of ordinary people. In contrast to such glowing reception, Chrysostom’s reviews in the twentieth century have been more negative. Some of these evaluations reveal modern assumptions about the nature of theology and do not adequately interpret Chrysoston in his context. Chrysostom was adapting the assumptions and methods of the classical traditions he inherited and conforming them to the biblical narrative. For example, he thoroughly integrates the prominent rhetorical and philosophical principle of adaptation into his biblical teaching of God’s relationship with humanity. This study provides a contextually-nuanced analysis of Chrysostom’s theology. He emerges as a coherent philosophical guide who is developing a culturally engaged theology which seeks to transform the foundations of how people and society are formed.
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