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Implementation and World PoliticsHow International Norms Change Practice$
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Alexander Betts and Phil Orchard

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198712787

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712787.001.0001

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Transnational Advocacy and Accountability

Transnational Advocacy and Accountability

From Declarations of Anti-Impunity to Implementing the Rome Statute

(p.50) 3 Transnational Advocacy and Accountability
Implementation and World Politics

Michael Bluman Schroeder

Alana Tiemessen

Oxford University Press

The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) is the most prominent institutional expression of a norm prescribing that those “most responsible” for committing mass atrocities ought to be held accountable. The Statute requires states to implement a range of legislative and institutional reforms and cooperate with the ICC’s decisions. This chapter investigates this treaty norm’s implementation challenges by focusing on the Coalition for the International Criminal Court—an NGO campaign that combines technical assistance and political advocacy to advance implementation. Consistent with the volume’s theoretical framework, it finds that institutionalization and implementation are parallel processes rather than sequential ones. The chapter argues that an NGO campaign can contribute to implementation by helping states overcome some of the obstacles identified in the framework. However, these contributions depend on the campaign implementing organizational reforms to adjust to the domestic focus of norm implementation.

Keywords:   transnational advocacy, advocacy campaigns, norms, accountability, International Criminal Court, Rome Statute, international organization

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