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Implementation and World PoliticsHow International Norms Change Practice$
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Alexander Betts and Phil Orchard

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198712787

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712787.001.0001

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The Implementation of “Integrated Approaches” in the UN System

The Implementation of “Integrated Approaches” in the UN System

Lessons from Tanzania and Burundi

(p.211) 12 The Implementation of “Integrated Approaches” in the UN System
Implementation and World Politics

James Milner

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the policy norm of integrated approaches within the UN system. Drawing on the results of fieldwork, the chapter examines efforts to realize integrated UN programs in Burundi and Tanzania, specifically relating to solutions for Burundian refugees. The chapter argues that integrated approaches to development programming in Tanzania have been constrained by issues of capacity and bureaucratic contestation, while integrated approaches to peacebuilding in Burundi have been enabled due to the interests of key actors and the bureaucratic identity created by senior institutional leaders. These findings highlight the importance of the causal mechanisms outlined by Betts and Orchard in their introduction to this volume, and the potential benefits of additional research to more fully consider the role of individuals and “pilot programs” in the implementation of policy norms.

Keywords:   United Nations, policy norms, Burundi, Tanzania, refugees, development, peacebuilding

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