Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Implementation and World PoliticsHow International Norms Change Practice$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Alexander Betts and Phil Orchard

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198712787

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712787.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 18 December 2018



The Normative Institutionalization-Implementation Gap

(p.xviii) (p.1) 1 Introduction
Implementation and World Politics

Alexander Betts

Phil Orchard

Oxford University Press

The study of how new norms are implemented has been neglected within constructivist theorizing. The assumption is that once a new norm is institutionalized, the analytical ‘job is done’. Yet the same levels of institutionalization of a given international norm can be observed across states but with radically different outcomes in terms of practice. This observed ‘institutionalization-implementation gap’ matters because it shapes whether important international norms make any difference in terms of outcome. Consequently this conceptual chapter argues that it is useful to analytically distinguish between two distinct processes: ‘institutionalization’ as an international process and ‘implementation’ as a domestic process. This clarity of distinction is important for two reasons. First, it enables a clear distinction between two distinct phases of political contestation. Second, it enables exploration of why, in spite of similar levels of institutionalization, there is often significant variation in the way in which norms and organizations play out in practice.

Keywords:   institutionalization, implementation, contestation, treaty norms, principle norms, policy norms, international law

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .