Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Within the Love of GodEssays on the Doctrine of God in Honour of Paul S. Fiddes$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Anthony Clarke and Andrew Moore

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198709565

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709565.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 22 September 2017

Freedom, Necessity, and Suffering in God

Freedom, Necessity, and Suffering in God

Chapter:
(p.134) 9 Freedom, Necessity, and Suffering in God
Source:
Within the Love of God
Author(s):

Keith Ward

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709565.003.0010

This chapter aims to set out some agreements and some disagreements with Professor Fiddes’s concept of the freedom and suffering of God. First, it suggests that God is not free in the sense that God can be whatever God chooses. God has a ‘given’ nature. For instance, God necessarily exists and is powerful and loving. Secondly, God is dipolar, necessarily possessing such properties, but contingently free in the way God exercises creativity and love. Thirdly, God is changed by creation, and suffers in empathy with the sufferings and evils of creation. Fourthly, there is a distinction between what God wills and what God creates by necessity, which explains how God can oppose much evil and suffering in creation. Fifthly, although God suffers, there is no desolation or alienation in the divine being, since the victory of goodness is assured. This is true even, or especially, of the cross of Christ.

Keywords:   compatibilism, contingency, dipolar, divine freedom, goodness, love, necessity, predestination, suffering

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .