Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Aquinas and Calvin on RomansGod's Justification and Our Participation$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Charles Raith II

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198708254

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198708254.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 18 February 2019



Romans 4:1–25

(p.57) 2 Abraham
Aquinas and Calvin on Romans

Charles Raith

Oxford University Press

This chapter highlights the implications of Aquinas’s and Calvin’s readings of Romans 1–3 for their respective interpretations of father Abraham. Important for their interpretations of Romans 4 is whether justification enables the believer to participate in Christ’s justice according to the believer’s own mode of existence (Aquinas), or whether God’s forgiveness of sins and the imputation of Christ’s righteousness should be contrasted with the possession of the quality of justness (Calvin). The difference between these two interpretive moves means that Calvin draws a strong contrast between justification by faith and merit, as well as between justification by faith and by works, while Aquinas affirms justification by faith without drawing the contrast with merit and works. Informing Calvin’s criticisms against merit is his interpretation of meritorious acts in competitive-causal terms, with human willing occurring in autonomous terms, separate from God’s causal activity.

Keywords:   Romans 4, Abraham, works, merit, quality of justness, justification

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .