Reform and Fragmentation in Global Governance
The concluding chapter discusses how the book’s findings contribute to wider debates in global governance, and which lesson they yield for the reformers of international organizations (IOs). The chapter first reconsiders the cultures of change that are part of IO reform. Reform technologies are an important but neglected aspect of bureaucratic culture in IOs, which legitimize themselves as reforming organizations despite all obstacles to organizational change. The chapter next discusses how the fragmentation of global governance at large reinforces the fragmentation of individual IOs. It thereby connects the fragmentation trap model to the literatures on trans-organizational networks, regime complexity and institutional choice. Finally, the chapter points out problems that reformers encounter in contemporary IOs. They are faced with the temptation of goal displacement, that is, of making reform an end in itself, and they have to deal with trade-offs between IO-specific and UN-wide reform outcomes.
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