Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
International Organization in TimeFragmentation and Reform$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Tine Hanrieder

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198705833

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705833.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 19 November 2018

The Centrifugal Reproduction of International Organizations

The Centrifugal Reproduction of International Organizations

Chapter:
(p.24) 2 The Centrifugal Reproduction of International Organizations
Source:
International Organization in Time
Author(s):

Tine Hanrieder

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705833.003.0002

This chapter develops the theoretical approach for explaining fragmentation in international organizations. The chapter first introduces the idea of path dependence and the fatefulness of history in international institutions. It next discusses the power struggles that drive the reproduction and thereby also the change of international organizations (IOs). Organizations only persist as long as they can mobilize joint action for organizational goals. The chapter then theorizes the mechanisms through which fragmentation is locked-in and reinforced in IOs. Where subunits have the opportunity to block IO reform, reformers have to buy or bypass recalcitrant subunits. The outcome of these reform strategies is a deepening or a widening of the IO’s fragmentation, respectively. Fragmentation is an absorbing state that is difficult to reverse due to the many veto positions it provides. The chapter concludes with a discussion of empirical indicators of path dependence in IOs.

Keywords:   path dependence, contingency, international organization, fragmentation, layering, causal inference

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .