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Sleep and Brain Plasticity$
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Pierre Maquet, Carlyle Smith, and Robert Stickgold

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780198574002

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.001.0001

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Roles of Early and Late Nocturnal Sleep for the Consolidation of Human Memories

Roles of Early and Late Nocturnal Sleep for the Consolidation of Human Memories

Chapter:
(p.65) Chapter 3 Roles of Early and Late Nocturnal Sleep for the Consolidation of Human Memories
Source:
Sleep and Brain Plasticity
Author(s):

Jan Born

Steffen Gais

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.003.0004

This chapter examines the degree of memory processing following the first half of the night (the bulk of which is deep NREM sleep) compared to the memory processing in the second half of the night (which is composed mostly of REM sleep). It compares the memory for various types of acquired tasks after these two time intervals, and shows that declarative or episodic material is enhanced after a session of NREM sleep, while procedural/implicit or emotional material is not. On the other hand, memory for procedural/implicit and emotional material is enhanced after a session of REM sleep, but not after NREM sleep. The role of neuroendocrine and neurotransmitter processes is examined.

Keywords:   NREM sleep, memory processing, REM sleep, memory systems

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