Cognitive assessment requires from the examiner a good theoretical and practical knowledge of the tests used. Because of the broad range of the cognitive functions and the necessity of assessing a subject's performance over several trials for each function, assessing the cognitive status of patients is time-consuming. Therefore, the way in which patients will be assessed has to be guided by strategic decisions involving a trade-off between the minimal list of tests deemed necessary and the risk of patient fatigue over a too prolonged session of testing. This chapter first describes briefly the methodology of the neuropsychological evaluation and how it has to be adapted to situations and questions. It then gives, in table format, a summary of the main neuropsychological and behavioural tests used in clinical and research assessment. This format has been chosen to be readily available to the clinician.
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