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The Science of Well-Being$
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Felicia A. Huppert, Nick Baylis, and Barry Keverne

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780198567523

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567523.001.0001

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* Relationship with reality and its role in the well-being of young adults

* Relationship with reality and its role in the well-being of young adults

Chapter:
(p.240) (p.241) Chapter 9* Relationship with reality and its role in the well-being of young adults
Source:
The Science of Well-Being
Author(s):

Nick Baylis

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567523.003.0009

A person's ‘relationship with reality’ (RwR) is defined as the characteristic coping style each individual has in response to various stimuli. Accumulated over time, a person's cognitive-behavioural strategies in dealing with the stresses of real life can have substantial effects on a person's well-being. This chapter revisits two phenomena related to a person's ‘flight’ reaction to stimuli – that of escapist fantasizing and wishful daydreaming – which, when abused, may have detrimental effects on a person's real-life well-being. The key features of the theory are presented in the first part of the chapter through a case study. The types of cognitive-behavioural processes – reality-investing, quick-fixes, and reality-evading – are then discussed in relation to positive and negative RwR. RwR theory then posits that finding a healthy ratio between the three strategies is key in developing well-adjusted behaviours and mindsets. The remainder of the chapter reviews the existing literature concerning fantasy and daydreaming.

Keywords:   RwR, cognitive-behavioural strategies, escapist fantasizing, wishful daydreaming, reality investing, quick fixes, reality evading

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