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The Science of Well-Being$
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Felicia A. Huppert, Nick Baylis, and Barry Keverne

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780198567523

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567523.001.0001

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* Meeting basic needs: peace and development

* Meeting basic needs: peace and development

(p.474) (p.475) Chapter 19* Meeting basic needs: peace and development
The Science of Well-Being

Johan Galtung

Oxford University Press

This chapter opens with a definition of the terms used in the discussion. Well-being is defined as a subjective emotion whose condition and expression vary from person to person. Several approaches to well-being are discussed in the succeeding sections. These are: the peace-based approach; the development approach; the health-based approach; the human rights-based approach; and the Buddhist approach, with its concepts of suffering and fulfilment. The main purpose of the mentioned approaches is to ‘move’ individuals from states of ill-being to well-being and to satisfy basic human needs. Studies and research on peace, well-being, and politics are then presented to enrich the discussion. The chapter concludes with the idea that well-being hinges on two things. First is a removal of suffering through the satisfaction of basic needs and then sustaining this state of ‘non-suffering’. Second is to find meaning and purpose in one's life.

Keywords:   well-being, peace, ill-being, suffering, basic needs

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