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Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change$
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Yadvinder Malhi and Oliver Phillips

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780198567066

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.001.0001

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Late twentieth-century trends in the structure and dynamics of South American forests

Late twentieth-century trends in the structure and dynamics of South American forests

Chapter:
(p.143) CHAPTER 12 Late twentieth-century trends in the structure and dynamics of South American forests
Source:
Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change
Author(s):

Simon L. Lewis

Oliver L. Phillips

Timothy R. Baker

Jon Lloyd

Yadvinder Malhi

Samuel Almeida

Niro Higuchi

William F. Laurance

David A. Neill

J. Natalino M. Silva

John Terborgh

Armando Torres Lezama

Rodolfo Vásquez Martínez

Sandra Brown

Jerome Chave

Caroline Kuebler

Percy Núnez Vargas

Barbara Vinceti

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0012

Widespread recent changes in the ecology of old-growth tropical forests have been documented, in particular an increase in stem turnover (pan-tropical), and an increase in above-ground biomass (neotropical). Whether these changes are synchronous and whether changes in growth are also occurring is not known. This chapter reports assesses changes from fifty long-term plots from across South America spanning 1971-2002. The key findings are significant increases in: basal area (BA: sum of the cross-sectional areas of all trees in a plot) (by approximately 0.10 square meters per hectare per year); stand-level BA growth; stand-level BA mortality; stem density (about 0.94stems per hectare per year); stem recruitment; and stem mortality. The gain terms (BA growth, stem recruitment) consistently exceeded the loss terms (BA loss, stem mortality) throughout, suggesting that whatever process is driving these changes was already acting before the plot network was established. Long-term, simultaneous increases in growth, BA and stem density imply a continent-wide increase in resource availability which is affecting productivity and forest dynamics. Changes in incoming solar radiation, increases in atmospheric concentrations of CO2, and temperature increases, may all have increased resource supply over recent decades, accelerating growth and dynamics in the world's largest tropical forest.

Keywords:   BA growth, BA mortality, permanent sample plots, tree growth, basal area, stem density, stem mortality, mortality, recruitment, biomass

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