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Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change
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Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Yadvinder Malhi and Oliver Phillips

Abstract

Tropical forests represent the world's most biodiverse ecosystems and play a key role in hydrology, carbon storage, and exchange. Many of the human-induced pressures these regions are facing, e.g. fragmentation and deforestation, have been widely reported and well documented. However, there have been surprisingly few efforts to synthesize cutting-edge science in the area of tropical forest interaction with atmospheric change. At a time when our global atmosphere is undergoing a period of rapid change, both in terms of climate and in the cycling of essential elements such as carbon and nitrogen ... More

Keywords: ecosystems, hydrology, carbon storage, carbon exchange, fragmentation, deforestation

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2005 Print ISBN-13: 9780198567066
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Yadvinder Malhi, editor
Royal Society University Research Fellow, Oxford University Centre for the Environment, University of Oxford, UK and an Honorary Research Fellow, Institute of Atmospheric and Environmental Science, School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh, UK

Oliver Phillips, editor
Reader in Tropical Ecology in the Earth and Biosphere Institute, School of Geography, University of Leeds, UK, and Visiting Researcher, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, USA

Contents

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PART I Contemporary atmospheric change in the tropics

CHAPTER 2 Twenty-first century atmospheric change and deforestation: potential impacts on tropical forests

Wolfgang Cramer, Alberte Bondeau, Sibyll Schaphoff, Wolfgang Lucht, Ben Smith, and Stephen Sitch

PART II Atmospheric change and ecosystem processes

CHAPTER 4 Predicting the impacts of global environmental changes on tropical forests

Simon L. Lewis, Yadvinder Malhi, and Oliver L. Phillips

PART III Observations of contemporary change in tropical forests

CHAPTER 9 Late twentieth-century trends in tree-community composition in an Amazonian forest

William F. Laurance, Alexandre A. Oliveira, Susan G. Laurance, Richard Condit, Henrique E. M. Nascimento, Ana Andrade, Christopher W. Dick, Ana C. Sanchez-Thorin, Thomas E. Lovejoy, and José E. L. S. Ribeiro

CHAPTER 10 Late twentieth-century patterns and trends in Amazon tree turnover

Oliver L. Phillips, Timothy R. Baker, Luzmila Arroyo, Niro Higuchi, Timothy Killeen, William F. Laurance, Simon L. Lewis, Jon Lloyd, Yadvinder Malhi, Abel Monteagudo, David A. Neill, Percy Nuñez Vargas, J. Natalino N. Silva, Rodolfo Vásquez Martinez, Miguel Alexiades, Samuel Almeida, Sandra Brown, Jerome Chave, James A. Comiskey, Claudia I. Czimczik, Anthony Di Fiore, Terry Erwin, Caroline Kuebler, Susan G. Laurance, Henrique E. M. Nascimento, Jean Olivier, Walter Palacios, Sandra Patiño, Nigel Pitman, Carlos A. Quesada, Mario Saldias, Armando Torres Lezama, and Barbara Vinceti

CHAPTER 11 Late twentieth-century trends in the biomass of Amazonian forest plots

Timothy R. Baker, Oliver L. Phillips, Yadvinder Malhi, Samuel Almeida, Luzmila Arroyo, Anthony Di Fiore, Terry Erwin, Niro Higuchi, Timothy J. Killeen, Susan G. Laurance, William F. Laurance, Simon L. Lewis, Abel Monteagudo, David A. Neill, Percy Núnez Vargas, Nigel C. A. Pitman, J. Natalino M. Silva, and Rodolfo Vásquez Martínez

CHAPTER 12 Late twentieth-century trends in the structure and dynamics of South American forests

Simon L. Lewis, Oliver L. Phillips, Timothy R. Baker, Jon Lloyd, Yadvinder Malhi, Samuel Almeida, Niro Higuchi, William F. Laurance, David A. Neill, J. Natalino M. Silva, John Terborgh, Armando Torres Lezama, Rodolfo Vásquez Martínez, Sandra Brown, Jerome Chave, Caroline Kuebler, Percy Núnez Vargas, and Barbara Vinceti

CHAPTER 13 Error propagation and scaling for tropical forest biomass estimates

Jerome Chave, Guillem Chust, Richard Condit, Salomon Aguilar, Andres Hernandez, Suzanne Lao, and Rolando Perez

PART IV The past and future of tropical forests

CHAPTER 16 Modelling the past and the future fate of the Amazonian forest

Sharon A. Cowling, Richard A. Betts, Peter M. Cox, Virginia J. Ettwein, Chris D. Jones, Mark A. Maslin, and Steven A. Spall

CHAPTER 17 Climate change and speciation in neotropical seasonally dry forest plants

R. Toby Pennington, Matt Lavin, Darién E. Prado, Colin A. Pendry, and Susan K. Pell

End Matter