London, Essex, London, 1658–1665
This chapter chronicles the life of John Pell in Essex and London from 1658 to 1665. Pell's return to England in August 1658 coincided with the final illness of Cromwell, shortly after which the government dispensed with his services, leaving Pell without a means to pay his huge arrears. The Restoration of Charles II seemed to offer little hope of improvement in Pell's situation. His social and intellectual milieu in London, based as it was on the Hartlib circle, had been overwhelmingly Parliamentarian during the Civil War; the only prominent Royalist among his patrons, Sir Charles Cavendish, was long dead, and Pell never established any usable connection with his brother, the Marquess of Newcastle. However, it was thanks to the Restoration that financial security was eventually obtained for Pell, from a rather unexpected source: the restored hierarchy of the Church of England. On March 31, 1661 he was ordained a deacon; his ordination as a priest followed in June, and on the 16th of that month he was instituted Rector of Fobbing, a parish in the southern part of Essex.
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