Medical uses of amphetamines
Amphetamine was first introduced into medicine as the ‘Benzedrine inhaler’ in 1932, followed soon after by pill forms of the drug. As with many new medicines, amphetamine was at first embraced enthusiastically by the medical profession as a valuable and completely safe treatment for many ailments and it rapidly became enormously popular. It was only later that the potential hazards associated with amphetamine use became apparent. In practice, the genuine medical uses of amphetamine proved to be far more limited and few of the original indications remain current today. This chapter reviews the medical uses which gained the most acceptance, even though most of these are no longer current, such as amphetamine's use as decongestant, and treatment for narcolepsy, depression, and ADHD.
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