There is abundant evidence that humans as a species are ‘musical’, that they share similar brain structures that respond to music. However, it may be that it cannot be established, beyond doubt, to what extent individual musical ability is learned or inherited. Pragmatically, this chapter suggests that people provide their children with opportunities from the earliest age to develop their musical skills. If resources are limited and selection has to be made, interest in music and motivation to engage with it may prove to be better determinants of success than traditional tests of musicality.
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