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Dyspnoea in Advanced DiseaseA guide to clinical management$
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Sara Booth and Deborah Dudgeon

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780198530039

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.001.0001

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Multidimensional assessment of dyspnea

Multidimensional assessment of dyspnea

Chapter:
(p.19) 2 Multidimensional assessment of dyspnea
Source:
Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease
Author(s):

Virginia Carrieri-Kohlman

Deborah Dudgeon

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.003.0002

dyspnoea is a subjective experience that includes interactions of various physical, psychological, social, and environmental factors that influence the person's perception of the symptom. This chapter focuses on the multidimensional assessment of dyspnoea. Assessment of this symptom involves clinical assessment and measurement of the different factors that influence the perception of breathlessness and which impact on the breathing mechanisms of a person. Clinical assessments are designed to determine the underlying pathophysiology to pinpoint appropriate treatment and to evaluate response to therapy. Measurement tools meanwhile are used to bring objectivity and accuracy to the evaluation of the clinical assessments, interventions, and clinical researches. Among the clinical assessment methods discussed herein are: clinical history of the symptom; physical examination; laboratory examinations; and determining the qualitative dimensions of dyspnoea. Measurement of dyspnoea includes: unidimensional scales (Borg scale, numeric rating scale, Breathlessness, Cough and Sputum Scale (BCSS)); multidimensional indirect scales (Baseline/Transitional dyspnoea Index (BDI/TDI), Pulmonary Functional Status Scale (PFSS)); and disease specific scales (chronic respiratory questionnaire (CRQ), Saint George Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ)).

Keywords:   dyspnoea, multidimensional assessment, assessment, clinical assessment, measurement, pathophysiology, objectivity, accuracy, clinical history

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