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Parasitism and Ecosystems$
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Frédéric Thomas, François Renaud, and Jean-François Guegan

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780198529873

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529873.001.0001

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Ecosystems and parasitism: the spatial dimension

Ecosystems and parasitism: the spatial dimension

Chapter:
(p.68) CHAPTER 5 Ecosystems and parasitism: the spatial dimension
Source:
Parasitism and Ecosystems
Author(s):

Robert Holt

Thierry Boulinier

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529873.003.0006

Spatial patterns of parasitism are thought to be strongly associated with local adaptation, relative rates of migration by hosts and parasites, and local levels of resource availability. This chapter reviews theoretical and empirical studies of local adaptation, and their bearings on spatial patterns of parasitism. It then reviews theoretical and empirical studies of dispersal and parasitism, and theoretical and empirical studies of the relationship between productivity and spatial patterns of levels of parasite defence and host offence. The effects of these processes on the distribution and spatial patterns of coexistence of hosts and parasites are investigated.

Keywords:   energy flows, population regulation, aggregation, dispersal, epidemics, spatial dimensions, maladaptation, metapopulation

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