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Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials
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Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials

Mark Elwood

Abstract

This book presents a logical system of critical appraisal, and facilitates studies to be evaluated and carried out effectively. This system emphasizes the central importance of cause and effect relationships. Its great strength is that it is applicable to a wide range of issues, and both to intervention trials and observational studies. This system unifies the often different approaches used in epidemiology, health services research, clinical trials, and evidence-based medicine, starting from a logical consideration of cause and effect. The book looks at the issues of study design, selection o ... More

Keywords: cause and effect, intervention trials, observational studies, study design, selection of subjects, bias, confounding, statistical methods, screening, case-control study

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2007 Print ISBN-13: 9780198529552
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529552.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Mark Elwood, author
British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, Canada; Honorary Professor of Epidemiology, Monash University and University of Melbourne, Australia