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Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex
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Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Stephen Lomber and Jos Eggermont

Abstract

The brain has a remarkable ability to adapt in the event of damage — in many cases shifting responsibility for specific cognitive functions to other non-damaged brain regions. This ‘plasticity’ can be crucial in aiding recovery from stroke, trauma, and peripheral damage such as eye or ear damage. Over the past thirty years our view of cortical plasticity has evolved greatly. Early studies suggested that changes to cortical function due to peripheral lesions could only occur during development and that these plastic changes were specific to a particular temporal window or ‘critical period’. Ove ... More

Keywords: brain damage, cognitive functions, non-damaged brain regions, plasticity, stroke, trauma, peripheral damage, peripheral lesions, developed brain, cerebrum

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2006 Print ISBN-13: 9780198528999
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Stephen Lomber, editor
Associate Professor of Neuroscience & Psychology, Department of Physiology & Pharamcology, Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada

Jos Eggermont, editor
Campbell McLaurin Chair for Hearing Deficiencies, Department of Phyiology and Biophysics, Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Canada

Contents

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Part I Vision

Part II Audition

Chapter 10 Recruitment of the auditory cortex in congenitally deaf cats

Andrej Kral, Rainer Hartmann, and Rainer Klinke

Part III Somatomotor

Chapter 12 Neuronal plasticity after stroke

Randolph J. Nudo, and Ines Eisner-Janowicz

Chapter 19 Cortical reprogramming

Herta Flor, and Caroline Koeppe

Part IV Cross-modal

Chapter 20 Reprogramming cortex

Jessica R. Newton, Ania K. Majewska, Charlene Ellsworth, and Mriganka Sur

Chapter 22 Activation of the visual cortex by Braille reading in blind subjects

Lotfi B. Merabet, Amir Amedi, and Alvaro Pascual-Leone

Chapter 23 Sound localization in early-blind human subjects

Dave Saint-Amour, Jean-Paul Guillemot, Maryse Lassonde, and Franco Lepore

Part V Cognition

End Matter