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The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres$
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Daniel Kernell

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780198526551

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.001.0001

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Basic neuromuscular properties

Basic neuromuscular properties

(p.5) Chapter 2 Basic neuromuscular properties
The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Daniel Kernell

Oxford University Press

This is a tutorial chapter, mainly aiming to introduce the neuromuscular system. Treated items include basic aspects of skeletal muscle and peripheral axon physiology, principles of sensory and motor muscle innervation, and (very briefly) some general points concerning motor functions of the central nervous system. For muscles, items include: muscle metabolism, excitation-contraction coupling, and the mechanisms for force generation. For axons, items include: intra-axonal transport processes, membrane properties, and the mechanisms and speed of the axonal conduction of action potentials (spikes). The different motor unit and muscle fibre types of limb muscles are introduced and a brief description is given of electromyographic techniques for recording motor unit activity.

Keywords:   skeletal muscle, muscle metabolism, excitation-contraction coupling, muscle innervation, motor unit types, muscle fibre types, axonal transport, axonal spike conduction, membrane physiology, central nervous system

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