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The Physics of Lyotropic Liquid CrystalsPhase Transitions and Structural Properties$
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Antônio M. Figueiredo Neto and Silvio R. A. Salinas

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780198525509

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525509.001.0001

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The Isotropic Micellar And Bicontinuous Phases

The Isotropic Micellar And Bicontinuous Phases

(p.163) 5 The Isotropic Micellar And Bicontinuous Phases
The Physics of Lyotropic Liquid Crystals

Antônio M. Figueiredo Neto

Silvio R. A. Salinas

Oxford University Press

A variety of structures of self-assembled molecules are present in the polymorphism of lyotropics. This chapter describes the structure and properties of micellar isotropic phases and bicontinuous macroscopically isotropic phases. The main experimental results are presented, with a discussion of the transformation from a molecular to a micellar solution in a mixture of amphiphilic molecules and a solvent. The thermodynamics of micellization gives a theoretical support for the formation of self-assembled structures. Besides a number of examples of different lyotropic phases, this chapter contains discussions of direct and inverted lyotropic micellar phases as well as a cubic micellar phase. Direct and inverted sponge phases are discussed in detail both from the experimental and structural points of view, and in terms of a model of random surfaces.

Keywords:   micelles, isotropic phases, sponge phases, bicontinuous phases, lyotropic micellar phases, cubic phases, inverted phases

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