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The Estuarine EcosystemEcology, Threats and Management$
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Donald S. McLusky and Michael Elliott

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780198525080

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525080.001.0001

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Primary consumers: herbivores and detritivores

Primary consumers: herbivores and detritivores

Chapter:
(p.53) Chapter 4 Primary consumers: herbivores and detritivores
Source:
The Estuarine Ecosystem
Author(s):

Donald S. McLusky

Michael Elliott

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525080.003.0004

This chapter examines the productivity of the important primary consumer trophic level, considering first the macrofaunal mud dwellers, which are mostly infaunal deposit feeders, but which may make excursions into the epifauna or utilize the suspension mode of feeding. It then looks at the macrofaunal surface dwellers, considering both mobile and static representatives who are predominantly suspension feeders. The potentially important, but less studied, meiobenthic fraction is also examined, as well as the zooplankton. Finally, the reasons for the high levels of production are studied.

Keywords:   benthic deposit feeders, molluscs, annelids, crustacea, benthic suspension-feeders, meiofauna, zooplankton

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