Walking in the stick insect and locust
This chapter focuses on locomotion in stick insects and locusts. To walk with their six legs is the main form of land locomotion in most insects. Most of the information available on the nervous control of walking in insects has been obtained from three animal models: the stick insect, the locust, and the cockroach. The goal of the chapter is not to present a detailed review of the field but rather to highlight how the studies of walking in two animal models have increased our understanding of basic principles of locomotor control. The insect leg consists of five segments: the coxa, the trochanter, the femor, the tibia, and the tarsus. Femor and trochanter are sometimes fused into one segment. Insects can walk both forward and backward. The main design of the walking control system in insects is similar to that in Crustacea. Each of the six legs is controlled by the leg controller.
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