Gender role adaptability
This chapter focuses on Bem's theory of psychological androgyny, which offers a way of perceiving gender roles that departs from the dichotomous nature of masculinity–femininity scales and suggests that gender roles take the form of a fourfold typology. This is explored in detail in this chapter. The author points out and argues that musicians' androgyny takes the form of two independent and contrary dispositions. The first concerns a cluster of traits that involves predisposition of a person to respond to musical experiences with sensitivity, feelingfulness, insight, and intuition (commonly asscociated with femininity). The second cluster relates to introversion and independence, autonomy, and the motivation necessary for musical progress to be made (masculine-related traits). Both are requirements for satisfactory levels of progress in music throughout education, and later on in the profession.
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