Prediction of myopia in children
Children who become myopic generally do so sometime between seven and thirteen years of age. The aetiology of this school-age myopia has been debated for centuries. The latest research indicates that, although myopia has a genetic component, close-up visual activity, such as reading and playing computer games, also contributes to the genesis and progression of myopia in susceptible eyes. Recent findings from longitudinal studies of refraction indicate that it is now possible to predict whether an infant will become myopic at school age. This chapter reviews some of the new findings relevant to the prediction of myopia in children.
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