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The Use of Tools by Human and Non-human Primates$
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A. Berthelet and J. Chavaillon

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780198522638

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522638.001.0001

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The origin of secondary tools

The origin of secondary tools

(p.239) 13 The origin of secondary tools
The Use of Tools by Human and Non-human Primates

Jean Kitahara-Frisch

Oxford University Press

Tool-using and tool-making were long thought to be s behaviour characteristic of humans. However, many primate species are now known to use objects as tools. Chimpanzees, in particular, have been observed in the wild to use a number of different objects for a variety of purposes and even to prepare them in advance, thereby demonstrating cognitive capabilities. This chapter addresses two questions: First, what were the cognitive capacities called for by secondary tool use, capacities insufficiently developed in chimpanzees but which rendered stone tool manufacture possible for early hominids? Second, how can a scenario be conceived for the development of secondary tool use among the ancestors of Homo habilisl?

Keywords:   tool manufacture, primate species, chimpanzees, cognitive capabilities, early hominids

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