The biogeography and ecology of endemism
This chapter explores the biogeography of endemism and the population ecology of endemic species. The key feature of endemism is stated clearly: the majority of species have a narrow endemic distribution. The diversity of endemic distribution patterns in the Mediterranean flora, and the historical and biogeographic associations of endemic plants are discussed. Endemism is examined in the context of the ecology and dynamics of the plant communities in which they occur. Finally, the ecological and biological correlates of endemism, in particular whether endemic species differ from widespread species in traits linked to ecological function and habitat occupation, are explored.
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