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Historical Supernovae and their Remnants$
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F. Richard Stephenson and David A. Green

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780198507666

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507666.001.0001

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The SN of AD 1054

The SN of AD 1054

Chapter:
(p.117) 8 The SN of AD 1054
Source:
Historical Supernovae and their Remnants
Author(s):

F. Richard Stephenson

David A. Green

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507666.003.0008

The remnant of this SN — known as the Crab Nebula (G184.6-5.8) — has attracted more attention among radio and X-ray astronomers than any other SNR. Not only is the remnant, which contains a pulsar, fairly bright at optical wavelengths, it is a powerful emitter of both radio waves and X-rays. The SN, which occurred in Taurus, was extensively recorded in both China and Japan. It was also briefly mentioned in a Constantinople source. Following a brief period of daylight visibility, the star was only lost to view after twenty-one months. Both Chinese and Japanese records assert that the SN was within about 1 deg of zeta Tau. The only nearby SNR is the Crab Nebula itself. Although several records state that the SN was a little to the SE of zeta Tau, the Crab Nebula lies to the NW of this star. However, these records share a common source and the directional problems are not insurmountable.

Keywords:   supernovae, supernova remnants, pulsar, zeta Tau, Crab Nebula, G184.6-5.8

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