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Marine Ecosystems and Climate VariationThe North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective$
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Nils Chr. Stenseth, Geir Ottersen, James W. Hurrell, and Andrea Belgrano

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780198507499

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.001.0001

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Climate Variability Over the North Atlantic

Climate Variability Over the North Atlantic

(p.15) CHAPTER 2 Climate Variability Over the North Atlantic
Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation

James W. Hurrell

Robert R. Dickson

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides a broad review of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and its forcing of the North Atlantic Ocean. Of particular interest is the long, irregular amplification of the oscillation towards one extreme phase during winter over recent decades. This climatic event, which is unprecedented in the modern instrumental record of NAO behaviour, has produced a wide range of effects on North Atlantic ecosystems. Some attention will also be given to the climatic impacts of periods of atypical NAO behaviour, such as the spatial displacement of the main centres of action in some winters, or to periods when other patterns of large-scale Atlantic climate variability are more pronounced.

Keywords:   climate change, North Atlantic Oscillation, NAO forcing, North Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic atmosphere, temperatures

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