Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
International Environmental Law, Policy, and Ethics$

Alexander Gillespie

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198298724

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298724.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 15 November 2018

(p.179) Bibliography

(p.179) Bibliography

International Environmental Law, Policy, and Ethics
Oxford University Press

Bibliography references:

Abram, D., ‘The Perceptual Implication of Gaia’, Ecologist (1985), 103–9.

Ackerman, B. A., Social Justice in a Liberal State (Yale University Press, New Haven, 1980).

Acton, H. B., ‘Animal Pleasures’, Massachusetts Review, 2 (1961), 541–8.

Adams, J. G. U., ‘Unsustainable Economies’, International Environmental Affairs, 2 (1990) 14–21.

Adams, W. A., Green Development: Environment and Sustainability in the Third World (Routledge, London, 1990).

Alder, D., ‘The Sensing of Chemicals by Bacteria’, Scientific American, April 1976, 40.

Allen, R., How To Save the World: The Strategy for World Conservation (Kegan Paul, Lancashire, 1980).

Anderson-Fulton, H. (ed.), The New Organon and Related Writings (Macmillan, London, 1974).

Andreason, C. T., ‘Indian Worship v Government Development: A New Breed of Religion Cases’, Utah Law Review, 22 (1984). 311–19.

Andresen, S. and Ostreng, W. (eds.), International Resource Management: The Role of Science and Politics (Belhaven, London, 1989).

Andrews, T., ‘Making Headway’, Green Line, 87 (1991), 4–5.

Angell, D. J. R., Comer, J. D., and Wilkinson, M. L. N. (eds.), Sustaining the Earth: Responses to Environmental Threats (Macmillan, London, 1990).

Animal Welfare Institute, Animals and Their Legal Rights (AWI, Washington, 1978).

Aquinas, T., Summa Theologica (Burns and Oates, London, 1922).

Aquinas, T., Basic Writings (New York, 1945).

Aquinas, T., ‘Summa Contra Gentiles’, in The English Dominion Fathers, (Burns and Oates, London, 1928).

Archbishop of Canterbury, in ‘Green Crusaders’, Green Magazine, 6 June 1991, 27.

Arendt, L., Lectures on Kant's Political Philosophy (University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1982).

Argyle, B., The Philosophy of Happiness (UCL Press, London, 1987).

Aristotle, Ethics (Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1963), 83.

Aristotle, Politics (Everyman, New York, 1972).

Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics (Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1977).

Aristotle, ‘Metaphysics’, in the Basic Works of Aristotle (Random House, London, 1976).

Arsanjaki, M. H., ‘Religion and International Law’, American Bar Association Journal of International Law (1989), 195–208.

Ash, M., The Fabric of the World: Towards A Philosophy of Environment (Green Books, Devon, 1992).

Ashford, J., ‘Brazil Nuts Crumble’, BBC Wildlife 11:2 (1993), 59.

(p.180) Atkinson, A., The Principles of Political Ecology (Belhaven, London, 1991).

Attfield, R., The Ethics of Environmental Concern (Blackwell, Oxford, 1983).

Attfield, R. (ed.), Philosophy and the Natural Environment (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1994).

Attfield, R., ‘The Good of Trees’, Journal of Value Inquiry, 15 (1981), 45–53.

Attfield, R., ‘Development and Environmentalism’, in Attfield, R. and Wilkins, B. (eds.), International Justice and the Third World (Routledge, London, 1992), 151, 161.

Attfield, R., ‘Sylvan, Fox and Deep Ecology: A View from the Continental Shelf’, Environmental Values, 2 (1993), 18–27.

Augustine, The City of God (Clark, Edinburgh, 1877).

Austin, R. C., ‘Beauty: A Foundation For Environmental Ethics’, Environmental Ethics, 7 (1985), 197–208.

Bacon, F., Novum Organum (1620).

Bacon, F., Essays; The Wisdom of the Ancients and the New Atlantis (Oldham Press, London, 1977).

Bacon, F., ‘The New Atlantis’, in Spedding, J. (ed.), The Works of Francis Bacon (London, 1857).

Bacon, F., ‘The Great Instauration’, in Spedding, J. (ed.), The Works of Francis Bacon (London, 1857).

Baer, R. A., ‘Higher Education, the Church and Environmental Values’, Natural Resources Journal, 17 (1977), 482–8.

Bahro, R., From Red to Green (Heretic, London, 1984).

Baker, C. E., ‘The Ideology of the Economic Analysis of Law’, Philosophy and Public Affairs, 5 (1975) 3–17.

Ball, M. S., ‘Moral Pluralism, The Tardis, and Rattlesnakes’, Tennessee Law Review, 56 (1988), 17–26.

Baram, M. S., ‘Cost-benefit Analysis: An Inadequate Basis for Health, Safety and Environmental Regulatory Decision-making’, Ecology Law Quarterly, 8 (1980) 465–76.

Barber, W. J., A History of Economic Thought (Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1967).

Barbier, E., Burgess, J., Swanson, T., and Pearce, D., Elephants, Economics and Ivory (Earthscan, London, 1990).

Barbour, I. (ed.), Earth Might Be Fair (New York, 1972).

Barbour, I. (ed.), Western Man and Environmental Ethics (Addison, London, 1973).

Barbour, I. Western Man and Environmental Ethics (Addison, London, 1973).

Barbour, I., Technology, Environment and Human Values (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1980).

Barnet, R. J., The Lean Years: Politics in the Age of Scarcity (Abacus, London, 1980).

Barry, N. P., On Classical Liberalism and Libertarianism (Macmillan, Basingstoke, 1986).

Barry, N. P., The New Right (Croom Helm, New York, 1987).

Barth, K., Church Dogmatics (Clark, Edinburgh, 1961).

Batchelor, A., ‘The Preservation of Wildlife Habitat in Ecosystems: Towards a New Direction Under International Law to Prevent Species Extinction’, Florida International Law Journal, 3 (1988), 305–18.

(p.181) Bate, R. and Morris, J., Global Warming: Apocalypse of Hot Air? (Institute of Economic Affairs, London, 1994).

Bateson, M. C., ‘Caring For Children, Caring For Earth’, Christ and Crisis, 40 (1980), 64–76.

Bayles, M. D. (ed.), Contemporary Utilitarianism (Doubleday, New York, 1968).

BBC 2, Close Encounters of the European Kind: Blood Relations, 24 April 1992.

Beckerman, W., In Defence of Economic Growth (Cape, London, 1974).

Beney, G., ‘Gaia: The Globalitarian Temptation’, in Sachs (1993), 175–85.

Bentham, J., An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation (Russell, London, 1962).

Benton, T., ‘The Malthusian Challenge: Ecology, Natural Limits and Human Emancipation’, in Osborne (1991), 241–9.

Berkes, F. (ed.), Common Property Resources: Ecology and Community Based Sustainable Development (Belhaven, London, 1989).

Berman, M., The Re-enchantment of the World (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 1981).

Bern, M., ‘Governmental Regulation and the Development of Environmental Ethics Under the Clean Air Act’, Ecology Law Quarterly, 17 (1990), 535–68.

Bilderbeck, S., Biodiversity and International Law: The Effectiveness of International Environmental Law (IOS, Amsterdam, 1992).

Binder, R., ‘Ngugi Wa Thiong'o and the Search for a Populist Landscape Aesthetic’, Environmental Values, 3 (1994), 47–58.

Birch, C. and Cobb, J., The Liberation of Life (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1985).

Birch, T. H., ‘The Incarceration of Wilderness: Wilderness Areas As Prisons’, Environmental Ethics, 12 (1990), 1–24.

Birnie, P., The International Regulation of Whaling (Oceana, New York, 1985).

Birnie, P. and Boyle, A. E., International Law and the Environment (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1992).

Blackstone, W. T. (ed.), Philosophy and the Environmental Crisis (University of Georgia Press, Athens, 1974).

Blumm, M. C., ‘The Fallacies of Free Market Environmentalism’, Harvard Journal of Law and Public and Policy, 15 (1992), 368–77.

Bodin, J., On Sovereignty (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1988).

Bohm, D., Wholeness and the Implicate Order (Routledge, London, 1980).

Boman, D. L., ‘Recent Developments in Efforts to Enhance the Protection of Animals’, Washburn Law Journal, 30 (1991), 271–80.

Bonaventura, H., The Life of Saint Francis (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1973).

Bookchin, M., Towards An Ecological Society (Black Rose, Montreal, 1980).

Bookchin, M., The Ecology of Freedom (Cheshire Books, California, 1982).

Bookchin, M., The Modern Crisis (Belhaven, London, 1986), 49.

Bookchin, M., Remaking Society (Black Rose, Montreal, 1989).

Bookchin, M., The Philosophy of Social Ecology: Essays on Dialectical Naturalism (Black Rose Books, Montreal, 1990).

Bookchin, M., ‘Deep Ecology Versus Social Ecology: A Challenge For the Ecology Movement’, The Raven, 1 (1987), 214–24.

Bookchin, M., ‘Thinking Ecologically’, Our Generation, 2 (1987), 3–30.

(p.182) Bookchin, M., ‘Ecology as a Dismal Science’, Green Line, 96 (1992), 10–16.

Booth, A. L., ‘Ties That Bind: Native American Beliefs As A Foundation For Environmental Consciousness’, Environmental Ethics, 12 (1990), 20–32.

Booth, D. E., ‘The Economics of Old-Growth Forests’, Environmental Ethics, 14 (1992), 43, 60.

Bormann, F. H. and Kettert, S. R. (eds.), Ecology, Economics, Ethics: The Broken Circle (Yale University Press, New York, 1991).

Botkin, D. B., Discordant Harmonies: A New Ecology For the Twenty-first Century (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1990).

Bourdeau, P. (ed.), Environmental Ethics: Man's Relationship to Nature (Official Publication of the European Community, Brussels, 1989).

Bowden, D. (ed.), The Satiric Poems Of John Trumbull (Texas, 1962).

Bowman, M., ‘The Protection of Animals Under International Law’, Connecticut Journal of International Law, 2 (1989), 487–98.

Boyle, F. A., World Politics and International Law (Duke University Press, Durham, 1985).

Brady, T. P., ‘But Most of it Belongs to Those Yet to be Born’, Environmental Affairs, 17 (1990), 615–32.

Bramwell, A., Ecology in the 20th Century: A History (Yale University Press, New York, 1989).

Brandt Commission, North-South: A Programme For Survival (Pan Books, London, 1980).

Brandt Commission, North-South: Common Crisis (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1983).

Bratton, S., ‘The Ecotheology of James Watt’, Environmental Ethics, 5 (1983), 197–209.

Bratton, S., ‘Christian Ecotheology and the Old Testament’, Environmental Ethics, 6 (1984), 200–12.

Bratton, S., ‘The Original Desert Solitaire’, Environmental Ethics, 10 (1988), 25–36.

Brazier, C, ‘The Economist's Blind Eye’, New Internationalist, 232 (1992), 15–18.

Brennan, A., Thinking About Nature (Routledge, London, 1988).

British Treasury, Green Booklet (London, 1984).

Brophy, B., The Rights of Animals (Sphere, London, 1989).

Broughton, R., ‘Aesthetics and Environmental Law’, Land and Water Law Review, 7 (1972), 451–72.

Brown, D., ‘James Watt's Land Rush’, Newsweek, 29 June 1981, 24.

Brown, N. J./UNEP, Ethics and Agenda 21: Moral Implications of a Global Consensus (United Nations, New York, 1994).

Brown, P., ‘Whalers Steered Towards Tourism’, Guardian, 14 May 1993, 8.

Brunner, H., Revelation and Reason (Switzerland, 1946).

Bryce-Smith, C., ‘Ecology, Theology And Humanism’, Zygon, 12 (1977), 225–30.

Buege, D. J., ‘The Ecologically Noble Savage Revisited’, Environmental Ethics, 18 (1996), 71–88.

Bunyard, P. and Goldsmith, E. (eds.), GAIA. The Thesis, the Mechanisms and the Implications (Wadebridge, Cornwall, 1988).

Burch, B., ‘The Social Meaning of Forests’, Humanist, 39 (1979), 39–44.

(p.183) Burger, J., The Gaia Atlas of First Peoples (Gaia Books, London, 1990).

Burke, E., A Philosophical Inquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and the Beautiful (Routledge, London, 1956).

Burke, E., Reflections On The Revolution In France (Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1978).

Burnett, G. W., ‘Wilderness and the Bantu Mind’, Environmental Ethics, 16 (1994), 142–53.

Burton, I. and Kates, R. W. (eds.), Readings in Resource Management and Conservation (University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1965).

Button, J. (ed.), The Green Fuse (Quartet, London, 1990).

Button, J. (ed.), The Best of Resurgence (Devon, 1991).

Cahen, H., ‘Against The Moral Considerability of Ecosystems’, Environmental Ethics, 10 (1988), 201–14.

Cairncross, F., Costing the Earth (Economist Books, London, 1991), 32.

Caldwell, L., Between Two Worlds: Science, the Environmental Movement and Policy Choice (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1990).

Callicott, J. B., Companion to a Sand County Almanac: Interpretative Essays (University of Wisconsin Press, 1987).

Callicott, J. B., In Defence of the Land Ethic: Essays in Environmental Philosophy (Random House, New York, 1989).

Callicott, J. B., The Wilderness Idea Revisited (Beacon, Boston, 1991).

Callicott, J. B., ‘Animal Liberation: A Triangular Affair’, Environmental Ethics, 2 (1980), 311–28.

Callicott, J. B., ‘Traditional American Indian and Western European Attitudes Toward Nature: An Overview’, Environmental Ethics, 4 (1982), 293–318.

Callicott, J. B., ‘Hume's Is/Ought Dichotomy and the Relation to the Land Ethic’, Environmental Ethics, 4 (1982), 163.

Callicott, J. B., ‘The Search for an Environmental Ethic’, in Regan (1984), 70–8.

Callicott, J. B., ‘Intrinsic Value, Quantum Theory and Environmental Ethics’, Environmental Ethics, 7 (1985), 270–84.

Callicott, J. B., ‘The Metaphysical Implications of Ecology’, Environmental Ethics, 8 (1986), 294–307.

Callicott, J. B., ‘An Eco-holistic Critique of Animal Liberation/Animal Rights’, in Regan and Singer (1989) 36–45.

Callicott, J. B., ‘The Case Against Moral Pluralism’, Environmental Ethics, 12 (1990), 95–106.

Callicott, J. B., ‘The Wilderness Idea Revisited: The Sustainable Development Alternative’, The Environmental Professional, 13 (1991), 236–42.

Calvin, J., Commentaries on the first book of Moses (London, 1847).

Campiglio, L. et al. (eds.), The Environment After Rio: International Law and Economics (Graham and Trotman, London, 1994).

Capra, F., The Tao of Physics (Shambhala, London, 1975).

Capra, F., The Turning Point, Science, Society and the Rising Culture (Simon and Schuster, London, 1982).

Care, N. S., ‘Future Generations, Public Policy, And The Motivation Problem’, Environmental Ethics, 4 (1982), 205–15.

Carew, G., ‘Agenda’, Guardian, 25 June 1993, 19.

(p.184) Carley, M. and Christie, I., Managing Sustainable Development (Earthscan, London, 1992).

Carpenter, R. A., ‘Ecology in Court and Other Disappointments of Environmental Science’, Natural Resources Lawyer, 15 (1983), 573–93.

Carr, I. M., ‘Saving the Environment: Does Utilitarianism Provide a Justification’, Legal Studies, 12 (1992), 92–9.

Carrol, M., Puritanism And The Wilderness (Garden City, New York, 1969).

Casserirer, E. (ed.), The Renaissance Philosophy of Man (Chicago University Press, Chicago, 1948).

Castro, F., Tomorrow is Too Late: Development and the Environmental Crisis in the Third World (Ocean Press, Melbourne, 1993).

Cavalieri, P. (ed.), The Great Ape Project: Equality Beyond Humanity (Fourth Estate, 1993).

Cave, G. P., ‘Animals, Heidegger and the Right to Life’, Environmental Ethics, 4 (1982), 240–51.

Chambers, R., Sustainable Livelihoods, Environment and Development: Putting Poor Rural People First (University of Sussex, Brighton, 1987).

Chananie, S., ‘Reverence for Life, and Rights for Nature’, Pace Law Review, 3 (1983), 695–704.

Chase, S. (ed.), Murray Bookchin and Dave Foreman: Defending the Earth: A Dialogue (South End, Boston, 1991).

Chase, S., ‘Whither the Radical Ecology Movement?’, in Chase (1991), 1–20.

Cheng, C. Y., ‘On the Environmental Ethics of the Tao and the Ch'i’, Environmental Ethics, 8 (1986), 353–66.

Chisholm, A., Philosophers of the Earth: Conversations with Ecologists (Scientific Book Club, London, 1974).

Chomsky, N., Cartesian Linguistics (Harper and Rowe, New York, 1966).

Chopra, S., ‘Towards a Developing Right of Survival as Part of an Ecosystem’, Denver Journal of International Law and Politics, 17 (1989), 250–69.

Chowdhury, S. R. (ed.), The Right to Development in International Law (Graham and Trotman, London, 1992).

Churchill, R. and Freestone, P. (eds.), International Law and Global Climate Change (Graham and Trotman, London, 1991).

Cicero, De Finibus (Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1971).

Clark, W. C. and Mum, R. E. (eds.), The Sustainable Development of the Environment (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1986).

Clarke, D., ‘Point of Darkness’, Environmental Forum, 9 (1992), 32–6.

Clarke, J. J. (ed.), Nature in Question: An Anthology of Ideas and Arguments (Earthscan, London, 1993).

Clayre, A., Nature and Industrialisation (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1977).

Clements, B., ‘Stasis—The Unnatural Value’, Ethics, 86 (1975–6), 130–44.

Club of Rome/King, A. and Schneider, B., The First Global Revolution (Simon and Schuster, London, 1991).

Coarse, R., ‘The Problem of Social Cost’, Journal of Law and Economics, 3 (1960), 201–15.

Cobb, J. B., Is It Too Late: A Theology of Ecology (Bruce, Beverley Hills, 1972).

Cohen, J., ‘The Bible and Nature in Western Thought’, Journal of Religion, 65 (1985), 50–62.

(p.185) Coleridge, S., Philosophical Lectures (Pilot Press, London, 1949).

Commission on Global Governance, Our Global Neighbourhood (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1995).

Commoner, B., The Closing Circle (Cape, London, 1971).

Commoner, B., Making Peace With the Planet (Gollancz, London, 1990).

Commoner, B., ‘The Ecological Facts of Life’, in Disch (1970), 1–12.

Commoner, B., ‘Economic Growth and Environmental Quality: How to Have Both’, Social Policy, 16 (1985), 18–25.

Conniff, T., ‘Fuzzy-Wuzzy Thinking About Animal Rights’, Audubon Magazine (1990), 120–32.

Connolly, W. E., Political Theory and Modernity (Blackwell, 1988).

Cooper, D. and Palmer, J. (eds.), The Environment in Questions: Ethics and Global Issues (Routledge, London, 1992).

Cooper, T., Green Christianity: Caring For the Whole Creation (Spire, Suffolk, 1990).

Costanza, R. (ed.), Ecological Economics: The Science and Management of Sustainability (Colombia University Press, New York, 1991).

Costin, A. B. and Frith, H. J. (eds.), Conservation (Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1971).

Costonis, J. L., ‘Law and Aesthetics’, Michigan Law Review, 80 (1982), 355–68.

Cottingham, J., Rationalism (Paladin, London, 1984).

Cottingham, R. G., ‘A Brute to the Brutes? Descartes' Treatment Of Animals’, Philosophy, 53 (1978), 543–67.

Cripp, S., ‘Environmentalism and Utopia’, Sociological Review, 24 (1976), 25–37.

Crownfield, D., ‘The Curse of Abel: An Essay in Biblical Ecology’, North American Review, 258 (1973), 54–64.

Curtin, D., ‘Dogen, Deep Ecology and the Ecological Self’, Environmental Ethics, 16 (1994), 122–29.

Daly, H. E. and Cobb, J., For the Common Good: Redirecting the Economy Towards the Community, the Environment and a Sustainable Future (Beacon, Boston, 1989).

DʼAmato, A. and Chopra, S., ‘Whales: Their Emerging Right to Life’, American Journal of International Law, 85 (1991), 25–60.

Darwin, C. On the Origin of Species (Murray, London, 1859).

Darwin, C. The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex (Collier, New York, 1871).

Dascal, M. (ed.), Cultural Relativism and Philosophy (Brill, New York, 1991).

Davidson, J., No Time To Waste: Poverty and the Global Environment (Oxfam, Wiltshire, 1992).

Dawson, R. K., ‘Environmental Policy in the Real World’, Environmental Forum, 5 (1988).

Day, D., The Whale War (London, 1987).

DeBardeleben, U., ‘Economic Reform and Environmental Protection in the USSR’, Soviet Geography, 31 (1990), 222–34.

de Chardin, T., The Future of Man (Harper and Row, New York, 1964).

Deeson, H., ‘The New Age Rage’, Green Magazine, April 1991, 40–3.

Deihl, C., ‘Antarctica: An International Laboratory’, Boston College of Environmental Affairs Law Reporter, 18 (1991), 423–32.

(p.186) Descartes, R., Discourse on Method and the Meditations (Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1976).

Descartes, R., Principles of Philosophy (Reidel, London, 1983).

Devall, B., Simple in Means, Rich in Ends: Practising Deep Ecology (Green Print, Surrey, 1990).

Devall, B., ‘The Deep Ecology Movement’, Natural Resources Journal, 20 (1980), 309–14.

Devall, B., ‘Deep Ecology and Radical Environmentalism’, Society and Natural Resources, 4 (1991), 247–57.

Devall, B. and Sessions, G., Deep Ecology: Living As If Nature Mattered (Gibbs Smith, Utah, 1985).

Diamond, C., ‘Eating Meat and Eating People’, Philosophy, 53 (1978), 470–9.

Diamond, J., The Rise and Fall of the Third Chimpanzee (Radius, London, 1991).

Diamond, J., ‘Overview of Recent Extinctions’, in Western and Pearl (1989), 37–41.

Diamond, S., Spiritual Warfare: The Politics of the Christian Right (South End, Boston, 1989).

Dias, J. (ed.), Law And The Ecological Challenge (Random House, New York, 1971).

Disch, R. (ed.), The Ecological Conscience (Spectrum, New Jersey, 1970).

Dobson, A. (ed.), The Politics of Nature: Explorations in Green Political Theory (Routledge, London, 1991).

Dobson, A., ‘Critical Theory and Green Polities’, in Dobson (1991).

Dodds, M. (ed.), Works of Saint Augustine (Clark, Edinburgh, 1877).

Dominick, R., ‘The Nazis and the Nature Conservationists’, Historian, 49 (1987) (US), 518–25.

Dooley, P. K., ‘The Ambiguity Of Environmental Ethics: Duty Or Heroism’, Philosophy Today, 30 (1986), 50–9.

Doremus, H., ‘Patching the Ark: Improving Legal Protection of Biological Diversity’, Ecology Law Quarterly, 18 (1991), 265–309.

Dorfman, D. and N. (eds.), The Economics of the Environment: Selected Readings (Toronto University Press, Toronto, 1972).

Doubleday, N. C, ‘Aboriginal Subsistence Whaling: The Right of the Inuit to Hunt Whales and its Implications’, Denver Journal of International Law and Policy, 17 (1989), 373, 392.

Douthwaite, R., The Growth Illusion (Green Print, Devon, 1992).

Dowdeswell, E., Symposium on Values for a Sustainable Future, 2 June 1994. UNEP Speech 1994/10.

Dowdeswell, E., Speech at the World Summit For Social Development, 7 March 1995. UNEP Speech 1995/3.

Dubos, R., ‘Conservation, Stewardship and the Human Heart’, Audubon Magazine (1972), 19–25.

Dubos, R., ‘Saint Francis Versus Saint Benedict’, Psychology Today (1973), 544–59.

Durkheim, E., The Division of Labour Within Society (Allen and Unwin, London, 1933).

Dworkin, R., Taking Rights Seriously (Duckworth, London, 1977).

(p.187) Ebling, F. (ed.), Biology and Ethics (Institute of Biology, London, 1971).

Eckersley, R., Environmentalism and Political Theory: Towards an Ecocentric Approach (UCL Press, London, 1992).

Eckersley, R., ‘Divining Evolution: The Ecological Ethics of Murray Bookchin’, Environmental Ethics, 11 (1989), 90–104.

Ecologist, ‘Whose Common Future’, Ecologist, 22 (1992), 179–81.

Edwards, S., ‘In Defence of Environmental Economies’, Environmental Ethics, 9 (1987) 82–97.

Ehrenfeld, D., The Arrogance of Humanism (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1978).

Ehrlich, P. R., ‘Paying the Piper’, New Scientist, 36 (1967), 652–5.

Ehrlich, P. R., ‘Playboy Interview’, Playboy Magazine, August 1970, 53, 55.

Ehrlich, P. R., ‘Will Economists Learn to Respect Mother Nature?’, Business and Society Review (1989), 60–3.

Eidsvik, H. K., ‘The Status of Wilderness: An International Overview’, Natural Resources Journal, 29 (1989), 47–58.

Ekins, P. and Max-Neef, M. (eds.), Real Life Economics: Understanding Wealth Creation (Routledge, London, 1992).

Eliade, S., The Sacred And The Profane (Harper and Rowe, New York, 1959).

Elliot, R., ‘Rawlsian Justice and Non-Human Animals’, Journal of Applied Philosophy, 1 (1984), 95–103.

Elliot, R. and Gare, A. (eds.), Environmental Philosophy (Queensland University Press, Queensland, 1983).

Ely, E. and Wehrwein, G., Land Economics (University of Wisconsin Press, Wisconsin, 1984).

Emerson, R. W., Nature: Addresses And Lectures (Boston, 1876).

Engel, J. R. and J. G. (eds.), The Ethics of Environment and Development; Global Challenge, International Response (Belhaven, London, 1990).

Engel, M., ‘Gone With the Wind’, Guardian, 11 March 1994, 2–3.

Engels, F., ‘Dialects of Nature’, in Marx, K. and Engels, F., Collected Works (Lawrence and Wishart, Oxford, 1987).

Environmental Investigation Agency, Save the Rhino (London, 1992).

Environmental Investigation Agency, Don't Buy The Faroe Pilot Whale Slaughter (London, 1993).

Environmental Investigation Agency, CITES: Enforcement Not Extinction (London, 1995).

Environmental Protection Agency, EPA's Use of Cost Benefit Analysis (Washington, 1987).

Epictetus, Discourses (Everyman, London, 1910).

Evernden, N., ‘Beyond Ecology; Self, Place and the Pathetic Fallacy’, North American Review, 263 (1978), 12–23.

Fabel, A. J., ‘Environmental Ethics and the Question of Cosmic Purpose’, Environmental Ethics, 16 (1994), 303–7.

Fairlie, S., ‘White Satanic Mills?’, Ecologist, 224 (1994), 85–6.

Farringdon, G., The Philosophy of Francis Bacon (New York, 1970).

Feinberg, J., ‘The Rights of Animals and Unborn Generations’, in Blackstone (1974), 51–5.

(p.188) Fichte, J. G., The Vocation of Man (Routledge, London, 1946).

Fish, A. L., ‘Industrialised Countries and Greenhouse Gas Emissions’, International Environmental Affairs, 6 (1994), 9–21.

Fitzgerald, S., International Wildlife Trade: Whose Business Is It? (World Wildlife Fund, New York, 1989).

Fletcher, J., ‘Chronic Famine and the Immorality of Food Aid’, Focus, 3 (1993), 44–51.

Flevares, W. M., ‘Ecosystems, Economics and Ethics: Protecting Biological Diversity at Home and Abroad’, Southern California Law Review, 65 (1992), 2039–59.

Florio, A. (ed.), Montaigne's Essays, (Cambridge, 1892).

Foley, G., Global Warming: Who Is Taking The Heat? (Panos, London, 1991).

Foley, G., ‘Lewis Mumford: Philosopher of the Earth’, Ecologist, 17 (1987), 108–14.

Foley, G., ‘Deep Ecology and Subjectivity’, Ecologist, 18 (1988), 119–24.

Foreman, D., ‘Wilderness Preserve System’, Whole Earth Review, 53 (1989), 41–8.

Foreman, D., ‘Second Thoughts of an Eco-Warrior’, in Chase (1991), 107–16.

Foresta, E., America's National Parks and Their Keepers (New York, 1984).

Fox, W., Towards a Transpersonal Ecology: Developing New Foundations for Environmentalism (Shambhala, London, 1990).

Fox, W., ‘Deep Ecology: A New Philosophy of Our Time?’, Ecologist, 14 (1984), 194–8.

Francis, ‘The Canticle of the Sun’, in The Writings of Saint Francis (Casa Editrice, Assisi, 1989).

Francis, D., ‘How to Survive an Attack of New Age Ideology’, Green Line, 87 (1991), 12–13.

Frankena, W. K., ‘Ethics and Environment’, in Goodpaster (1976), 12–20.

Freestone, D., The Road From Rio: International Environmental Law After the Earth Summit (Hull University Press, Hull, 1992).

French, W. C, ‘Against Biospherical Egalitarianism’, Environmental Ethics, 17 (1995), 38–53.

Frey, R. G., Interests and Rights: The Case Against Animals (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1980).

Freyfogle, E. T., ‘The Land Ethic and the Pilgrim Leopold’, University of Colorado Law Review, 61 (1990), 214–43.

Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Green Globe Yearbook: 1992 (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1992).

Fromm, E., The Sane Society (Routledge, New York, 1955).

Funk, ‘Free Market Environmentalism: Wonder Drug or Snake Oil?’, Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, 15 (1992), 511–19.

Gallileo Gallilei, The Assayer (1621).

Gardiner, G., ‘Between Two Worlds: Humans in Nature and Culture’, Environmental Ethics, 12 (1990), 339–47.

Gauthier, D. (ed.), Morality and Rational Self Interest (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1970).

Gauthier, D. ‘Morality and Advantage’, Philosophical Review, 76 (1967), 134–76.

Gelb, F., ‘Man and Land: The Psychological Theory of Jung’, Zygon, 9 (1974), 288–300.

(p.189) Ghai, D. and Vivian, J. (eds.), Grassroots Environmental Action: Peoples Participation in Sustainable Development (Routledge, London, 1992).

Ghazi, P., ‘Where Did Our Money Go?’, Observer Life, 5 June 1994, 14–17.

Ghazi, P., ‘U.K. Imports Hasten Ruin of Rainforest’, Observer Life, 5 June 1994, 15.

Gillespie, A., ‘Endangered Species: What they are and the Vexing Question of Why to Save them’, Journal of Wildlife Management, Law and Policy (forthcoming).

Gillespie, A., International Environmental Policies: Questions of Politics in International Environmental Law and Policy (forthcoming).

Gillespie, A., Burning Follies: The Failure of the New Zealand Response to Climate Change (Dunmore Press, Palmerston, 1997).

Gillespie, A., ‘Are Maori Environmental Guardians?’, Wilderness Magazine, October 1995, 42.

Gillespie, A., ‘The Ethical Question in the Whaling Debate’, Gergetown International Environmental Law Review, 9 (1996).

Gillespie, A., ‘Environmental Politics in New Zealand/Aotearoa: Clashes and Commonality Between Maori and Conservationists’, New Zealand Geographer (forthcoming).

Gillespie, A., ‘Indigenous Environmentalism: Commonality, Clashes and Commitments within Canada, Australia and New Zealand’, in Haverman, P. (ed.), New Frontiers: First Nations' Rights in Settler Dominions (Oxford University Press, Sydney, 1997 (forthcoming)).

Gleik, J., Chaos: Making of a New Science (Viking, Boston, 1987).

Glickman, T. S. and Glough, M. (eds.) Readings in Risk (John Hopkins University Press, Washington, 1986).

Godlovitch, D. (ed.), Animals, Men and Morals (Random House, New York, 1972).

Golding, A., The Sermons of John Calvin (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1975).

Golding, M. P., ‘Obligations To Future Generations’, Monist, 56 (1972), 97–107.

Goldsmith, E., The Stable Society (Green Print, Devon, 1978).

Goldsmith, E., The Way: Towards an Ecological World View (Rider, London, 1992).

Golley, F. B., ‘Deep Ecology from the Perspective of Ecological Science’, Environmental Ethics, 9 (1987), 51–2.

Goodin, R. E., Green Political Theory (Policy, Cambridge, 1992).

Goodman, D., ‘The Theory of Diversity-Stability Relationships’, Quarterly Review Biology, 50 (1975), 237–51.

Goodpaster, B. E. (ed.), Ethics And Problems Of the Twenty-first Century (South End, Notre Dame, 1976).

Goodpaster, B. E., ‘On Being Morally Considerable’, Journal of Philosophy, 75 (1978), 310–22.

Gordan, S. B., ‘Indian Religious Freedom and Governmental Development Of Public Lands’, Yale Law Journal, 94 (1985), 1451–9.

Gore, A. Earth in Balance: Forging A New Common Purpose (Earthscan, London, 1992).

Gore, A., ‘The Call for a SEI’, New York Times, 3 April 1990, A. 23.

(p.190) Goulet, D., ‘Biological Diversity and Ethical Development’, in Hamilton (1993) 17–30.

Gowdy, J. M., ‘Further Problems With Neo-Classical Economies’, Environmental Ethics, 16 (1994), 161–74.

Gragnocauo, C. and Goldstein, H., ‘Law Reform or World Reform: The Problem of Environmental Rights’, McGill Law Journal, 35 (1990), 346–71.

Greenawalt, K., ‘The Limits of Rationality and the Place of Religious Conviction: Protecting Animals and the Environment’, William and Mary Law Review, 27 (1986), 1011–59.

Greenpeace, The Whale Catchers (London, 1992), 10.

Grotius, H., De Jure Belli Ac (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1925).

Gruen, L. and Jamieson, D., Reflecting on Nature: Readings on Environmental Philosophy (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1994).

Grumbine, R. E., ‘Wilderness, Wise Use and Sustainable Development’, Environmental Ethics, 16 (1994), 227–39.

Guha, R. ‘Radical American Environmentalism and Wilderness Preservation: A Third World Critique’, Environmental Ethics, 11 (1989), 71–84.

Gundling, L., ‘Our Responsibility for Future Generations’, American Journal of International Law, 84 (1990), 207–24.

Gunn, A., ‘Preserving Rare Species’, in Regan (1984), 312–31.

Gunn, A., Ethics and Hazardous Waste Management: Why Should We Care About Future Generations? (Waikato University, Occasional Paper, 1987).

Guruswamy, L. D., ‘Global Warming: Integrating United States and International Law’, Arizona Law Review, 3 (1990), 222–43.

Hacker, P. M. S. (ed.), Law, Morality and Society: Essays in Honour of H. L. A. Hart (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1977).

Haldane, J., ‘Admiring the High Mountains: The Aesthetics of Environment’, Environmental Values, 3 (1994), 97–109.

Hall, D., ‘Sanctioning Resource Depletion: Economic Development and Neo-Economics’, Ecologist, 220 (1990), 99–107.

Hall, S., Myers, N. and Maganis, P. (eds.), The Economics of Ecosystem Management (Netherlands, 1985).

Halligan, P., ‘The Environmental Policy Of Saint Thomas Aquinas’, Environmental Law, 19 (1984), 789–802.

Hamilton, L. S. (ed.), Ethics, Religion and Biodiversity: Relations Between Conservation and Cultural Values (White Horse Press, Birmingham, 1993).

Handley, F. J., ‘Hazardous Waste Exports: A Leak in the System of International Controls’, Environmental Law Reporter, 19 (1989), 171–82.

Hanfling, O. (ed.), Philosophical Aesthetics: An Introduction (Blackwell, Oxford, 1992).

Hanson, S. (ed.), Environmental Ethics: Philosophical and Political Perspectives (Simon Fraser University Press, Toronto, 1986).

Hanula, R. W. and Waverly Hill, P., ‘Using Metaright Theory to Ascribe Kantian Rights to Animals Within Nozick's Minimum State’, Arizona Law Review, 19 (1977), 255–71.

Hardin, G. (ed.), Managing the Commons (Freeman, San Francisco, 1977).

Hardin, G., Stalking the Wild Taboo (Kaufman, California, 1978).

Hardin, G., ‘The Tragedy of the Commons’, Science, 162 (1968), 1245–51.

(p.191) Hardin, G., ‘Lifeboat Ethics’: ‘The Case Against Not Helping the Poor’, Psychology Today (1974), 382–92.

Hardin. G., ‘Carrying Capacity As An Ethical Concept’, Soundings, 59 (1976), 120–7.

Hardin, G., ‘Feeding Hungry Countries’, Newsday, 21 July 1989, 8–13.

Hare, R. M., ‘Moral Reasoning About the Environment’, Journal of Applied Philosophy, 4 (1987), 3–17.

Hargrove, E., The Foundations of Environmental Ethics (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1989).

Hargrove, E. (ed.), The Animal Rights and Environmental Ethics Debate: The Environmental Perspective (Sunny, New York, 1992).

Hargrove, E., ‘The Role of Rules in Ethical Decision Making’, Inquiry, 28 (1985), 30–9.

Harris, D., Animals, Men and Morals (London, 1983), 163.

Hartmann, T., Ethics: Moral Values (Doubleday, New York, 1932).

Hartung, F., ‘Cultural Relativism and Moral Judgements’, Philosophy of Science, 21 (1954), 118–26.

Haught, J. F., ‘The Emergent Environment And The Problem Of Cosmic Purpose’, Environmental Ethics, 8 (1986), 139–49.

Havermann, P. (ed.), New Frontiers: First Nations' Rights in Settler Dominions (Oxford University Press, Sydney, 1997 (forthcoming) ).

Hawkins, S. M., ‘The United States Abuse of the Aboriginal Whaling Exception: A Contradiction in US Whaling Policy and a Dangerous Precedent’, University of California Davis Law Review, 24 (1990), 489–521.

Hayes, P. and Smith, K. R. (eds.), The Global Greenhouse Regime: Who Pays? (Earthscan, London, 1993).

Hays, S. P., Conservation and the Gospel of Efficiency: The Progressive Conservation Movement (Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1959).

Heffernan, J. D., ‘The Land Ethic: A Critical Appraisal’, Environmental Ethics, 4 (1982), 243–61.

Hegel, F., Lecture on the Philosophy of World History (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1975).

Heilbroner, R. L., An Inquiry Into The Human Prospect (Norton, New York, 1974).

Heinsenberg, W., The Physicist's Conception of Nature (Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1958), 29.

Heirs, R., ‘Ecology, Theology and Methodology’, Zygon, 19 (1984), 43–53.

Heisenberg, W., Physics and Philosophy (Harper and Rowe, New York, 1962).

Heizer, R. and Elsasser, A., The Natural World of the Californian Indians (Los Angeles, University of California Press, 1980).

Helliwell, C., ‘Discount Rates and Environmental Conservation’, Environmental Conservation, 2 (1975), 199–205.

Helm, D. (ed.), Economic Policy Towards the Environment (Blackwell, Oxford, 1991).

Hersey, G. (ed.), Pythagorean Palaces (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 1976).

Hettinger, N., ‘Valuing Predation in Rolston's Environmental Ethics: Bambi Lovers Versus the Tree Huggers’, Environmental Ethics, 16 (1994), 2–14.

(p.192) Hill, T. E., ‘Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving the Natural Environment’, in Gruen and Jamieson (1994), 98–108.

Hobbes, T., Leviathan (Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1976).

Hoch, D., ‘Environmental Ethics and Nonhuman Interests. A Challenge to Anthropocentric License’, Gonzaga Law Review, 23 (1989), 335–51.

Hoffert, R. W., ‘The Scarcity of Politics: Ophuls and Western Political Thought’, Environmental Ethics, 8 (1986), 5–27.

Holland, A., ‘Natural Capital’, in Attfield (1994).

Holmberg, J. (ed.), Policies for a Small Planet (Earthscan, London, 1992).

Hoist, J., ‘What is Sustainable Development? The Test Case Over Whaling’, Our Planet, 5 (1993), 11–21.

Hooker, R., Laws of Ecclesiastical Policy (Dent, 1907).

Horkheimer, M., The Eclipse of Reason (Oxford University Press. Oxford, 1947).

Hosier, H., ‘Energy Planning In Developing Countries’, Ambio, 11 (1982), 182–97.

Hughes, J. D., ‘The Environmental Ethics of the Pythagoreans’, Environmental Ethics, 2 (1980), 195–212.

Hume, D., An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (Open Court, La Salle, 1946).

Hunt, W. M., ‘Are Mere Things Morally Considerable?’, Environmental Ethics, 2 (1980), 61–76.

Hunton, G. ‘Aesthetic Regulation and the First Amendment’, Virginia Journal of Natural Resources Law, 3 (1984), 237–57.

Hurrell, A. and Kingsbury, B. (eds.), The International Politics of the Environment (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1992).

Huxley, A., The Perennial Philosophy (Chatto and Windus, London, 1946).

Indicopleustus, Christian Topography (London, 1932).

Indigenous Survival International, Resolution on Norwegian Whaling. ISI 7th GA/Res. 8. 1993. August 18.

International Commission on Peace and Food, Uncommon Opportunities: An Agenda For Peace and Equitable Development (Zed, London, 1994).

Ip, P. K., ‘Taoism and the Foundations of Environmental Ethics’, Environmental Ethics, 5 (1983), 338–53.

Irvine, S. and Ponton, A., A Green Manifesto: Policies For a Green Future (Optima, London, 1988).

Isaccson, R., ‘Big Game Parks: What Future?’, Green Magazine, June 1991, 40.

IUCN, World Conservation Strategy (Switzerland, 1980).

IUCN, Islamic Principles For The Conservation Of The Natural Environment (Saudi Arabia, 1983).

IUCN, WWF, WRI, Conserving the World's Biodiversity (IUCN, Gland, 1990).

Jacobs, M., The Green Economy: Environment, Sustainable Development and the Politics of the Future (Pluto, London, 1991).

Jagger, A. M., Feminist Politics and Human Nature (Rodman and Allanhead, Ottawa, 1983).

Janis, M. W. (ed.), The Influence of Religion on the Development of International Law (Nijhoff, Netherlands, 1991).

Janis, M. W., ‘Religion and International Law’, American Bar Association Journal of International Law, (1989), 195–207.

(p.193) Jansen, M., ‘The Future of Tropical Ecology’, Annual Review of Ecological Systems, 17 (1986), 305–21.

Jantzen, G., God's World: God's Body (Westminster, Philadelphia, 1984).

Johns, D. M., ‘The Relevance of Deep Ecology to the Third World; Some Preliminary Observations’, Environmental Ethics, 12 (1990), 235–47.

Johnson, L. E., A Morally Deep World: An Essay on Moral Significance and Environmental Ethics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1991).

Johnson, L. E., ‘Animal Liberation Versus the Land Ethic’, Environmental Ethics, 3 (1981), 265–73.

Johnson, L. E., ‘Treading the Dirt: Environmental Ethics and Moral Theory’, in Regan (1984), 350–79.

Johnson, S.P. (ed.), The Earth Summit (Graham and Trotman, London, 1993).

Joseph, L. E., Gaia: The Growth of an Idea (Arkana, London, 1990).

Jung, C., ‘The Splendour of the World’, Atlantic Naturalist, 29 (1974) 321–39.

Kant, I., Critique of Judgement (Macmillan, London, 1914).

Kant, I., Lectures on Ethics: Duties Towards Animals and Spirits (Harper and Rowe, Oxford, 1963).

Kant, I., Fundamental Principles of Metaphysics And Morals (Bobbs-Merril, London, 1973).

Kant, I., Critique of Practical Reason (Routledge, London, 1981), Book II.

Karp, J. P., ‘The Evolving Meaning of Aesthetics in Land Use Regulation’, Colombia Journal of Environmental Law, 15 (1990), 307–23.

Katz, E., ‘Utilitarianism and Preservation’, Environmental Ethics, 1 (1979) 209–14.

Katz, E., ‘Organism, Community, and the Substitution Problem’, Environmental Ethics, 7 (1985), 243–61.

Kaufman, F., ‘Machines, Sentience and the Scope of Morality’, Environmental Ethics, 16 (1994), 57–68.

Kavka, G., ‘The Paradox Of Future Individuals’, Philosophy and Public Affairs, 11 (1982), 103–21.

Kay, J., ‘Concepts of Nature in the Hebrew Bible’, Environmental Ethics, 10 (1988), 315–29.

Keekok-Lee, Social Philosophy and Ecological Scarcity (New York, 1989), 127, 143.

Kegley, C. W. and Wittkopf, E. R., The Global Agenda: Issues and Perspectives (McGraw, New York, 1995).

Kelman, M., ‘On Democracy-Bashing; A Sceptical Look at the Theoretical and “Empirical” Practice of the Public Choice Movement’, Virginia Law Review, 74 (1988), 199–217.

Kemp, P. and Wall, D., A Green Manifesto for the 1990s (Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1990).

Keniston, K., The Uncommitted (Brace and World, New York, 1965).

Kennedy, D., ‘Cost-Benefit Analysis: A Critique’, Stanford Law Review, 33 (1981), 387–403.

Kennick, W. E. (ed.), Art and Philosophy (London, 1964).

Kessell, J. L., ‘Spaniards, Environment and the Pepsi Generation: An Historian's View’, Historian, 36 (1973), 87.

Keynes, G. (ed.), The Complete Writings of William Blake (London, 1957).

(p.194) Khachaturov, T., ‘Economic Problems of Ecology’, Soviet Review 20 (1979), 81–93.

Khadduri, A., The Islamic Conception of Justice (Cambridge, 1984).

Kiss, A. C. (ed.), Selected Multilateral Treaties in the Field of the Environment (UNEP, Kenya, 1982).

Kloppenburg, J. R. (ed.), Seeds and Sovereignty (London, 1988), 293, 299.

Kluckholn, C., ‘Ethical Relativity’, Journal of Philosophy, 52 (1955), 663–7.

Koskenniemi, M., From Apology to Utopia: The Structure of International Legal Argument (Finnish Lawyers Publishing, Helinski, 1989).

Koskenniemi, P., From Alienation of Reason: A History of Positivist Thought (UCL Press, London, 1969).

LaChance, A., Greenspirit (Element, Dorset, 1991).

Ladd, J. (ed.), Ethical Issues Relating to Life and Death (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1979).

Lakoff, R., Women, Fire and Dangerous Things: What Categories Reveal About the Mind (Random House, New York, 1987).

Lasch, C., The Culture Of Narcissism: American Life In An Age Of Discriminatory Expectation (Abacus, London, 1978).

Latin, H., ‘Ideal Versus Real Regulatory Efficiency’, Stanford Law Review, 37 (1985), 1267, 1332.

Lawsdon, H. in David, R., International Encyclopaedia Of Comparative Law (International Association of Legal Science, 1992), Chapter 11, § 138.

Lean, G., ‘Gorbachev Plots a Green Revolution to Save World’, Observer, 25 April 1993, 12.

Lee, D. C., ‘On the Marxian View of the Relationship Between Man and Nature’, Environmental Ethics, 2 (1980), 9.

Lehmann, S., ‘Do Wildernesses Have Rights?’, Environmental Ethics, 3 (1981), 130–44.

Leibniz, G. W., Monadology (Lowe and Brydone, London, 1898).

Leiss, W., The Domination of Nature (Brazillier, New York, 1972).

Lenz, J. W. (ed.), Hume's Essays (Bobbs-Merril, Cambridge, 1965).

Leopold, A., A Sand County Almanac (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1949).

Leopold, A., ‘Conservation as a Moral Issue’, Environmental Ethics, 1 (1979) 1–25.

Levine, M. P., ‘Pantheism, Ethics and Ecology’, Environmental Values, 3 (1994), 121–34.

Lewis, M. W., Green Delusions: An Environmentalist's Critique of Radical Environmentalism (Duke University Press, London, 1992).

Linder, D. O., ‘New Directions for Preservation Law: Creating an Environment Worth Experiencing’, Environmental Law, 20 (1990), 49–70.

Linzey, R., ‘Moral Education and Reverence for Life’, in Patterson (1981), 168–79.

Little, C. E., ‘Has the Land Ethic Failed in America? An Essay on the Legacy of Aldo Leopold’, University of Illinios Law Review, 2 (1986), 313–50.

Little, R. and Smith, R., Perspectives on World Politics (Routledge, London, 1993).

Livingston, J., The Fallacy of Wildlife Conservation (Toronto University Press, Toronto, 1981).

Livingston, J., ‘Rightness or Rights?’, Osgoode Hall Law Journal, 22 (1984), 321–42.

(p.195) Locke, J., An Essay Concerning The True Original, Extent And End Of Civil Government (London, 1969).

Locke, J., An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, (Thomas Tegg, London, 1972).

Lockley, D., New Zealand's Endangered Species (Auckland University Press, Auckland, 1980).

Logan, B. L., ‘An Assessment of the Environmental and Economic Implications of Toxic-Waste Disposal in Sub-Saharan Africa’, Journal of World Trade, 25 (1991), 61–72.

Lohmann, L., ‘Dismal Green Science’, Ecologist, 21 (1991), 194–203.

Lombardi, L. G., ‘Inherent Worth, Respect and Animals Rights’, Environmental Ethics, 5 (1983), 260–71.

Lovelock, J., Gaia: A New Look at Life on Earth (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1979).

Lovelock, J., ‘Discussion on Margalef’, in Bourdeau (1989), 233–41.

Lowenthal, P., ‘The American Creed of Nature as Virtue’, Landscape, 9 (1959–60), 21–36.

Lucretius, On the Nature of the Universe (Penguin, London, 1951).

Lukes, T., Individualism (Harper and Row, New York, 1973).

Lux, K., Adam Smith's Mistake (Century, London, 1990).

Lynch, O. J. and Talbott, K., ‘Legal Responses to the Philippine Deforestation Crisis’, International Law and Politics, 20 (1988), 679–706.

Lynge, F., Arctic Wars: Animal Rights and Endangered Peoples (Dartmouth, Hanover, 1992).

Lyster, S., International Wildlife Law (Grotius, Cambridge, 1985).

Mabbott, G., ‘Politics and the Environment’, Texas Quarterly, 17 (1974), 9–19.

McBurney, S., Ecology into Economics Won't Go (Green Print, Devon, 1990).

McClay, W. M., ‘Religion in Politics: Politics in Religion’, Commentary, 86 (1988), 43–54.

McCloskey, H. J., Ecological Ethics and Politics (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1983), 122.

McCloskey, H. J., ‘Rights’, Philosophical Quarterly, 15 (1965), 115–22.

McCloskey, H. J., ‘Ecological Ethics and Its Justification’, Australian National University Department of Philosophy, 2 (1980), 65–76.

McElroy, M. B., ‘Change in the Natural Environment of the Earth: A Historical Record’, in Clark and Mum (1986), 195–9.

McGinn, T., ‘Ecology and Ethics’, International Philosophical Quarterly, 14 (1974), 155–71.

McGonigle, M., ‘The Economising of Ecology: Why Big, Rare Whales Still Die’, Ecology Law Quarterly, 12 (1980), 120–46.

McHarg, I., Design With Nature (Garden City, New York, 1969).

Machiavelli, The Prince (Quality Paperbooks, London, 1992).

McLean, A. (ed.), Values at Risk (Random House, New York, 1986).

McLean, D. (ed.), Karl Marx: Selected Writings (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1978).

McLuhan, T. C. (ed.), Touch the Earth (Abacus, 1971), 129.

McNeely, J. A. (ed.), National Parks, Conservation and Development: The Role of Protected Areas in Sustaining Society (IUCN, Geneva, 1982).

(p.196) MacNeil, J., Winsemius, P., and Yakushiji, T., Beyond Interdependence: The Meshing Of The World's Economy And The Earth's Ecology (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1991).

MacPherson, C. B., The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1962).

Magel, C. R., Animal Rights (Mansell, London, 1989).

Maggs, P. B. ‘Marxism and Soviet Environmental Law’, Colombia Journal of Transnational Law 23 (1984–5), 355–84.

Mahar, D. J., ‘Fiscal Incentives For Regional Development: A Case Study of the Western Amazonian Basin’, Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs, 18 (1976), 357–73.

Mahony, R., ‘Debt for Nature Swaps: Who Really Benefits?’, Ecologist, 22 (1992), 97–101.

Majdoff, C., ‘Capitalism and the Environment’, Monthly Review, 41 (1989), 1–5.

Manetti, The Dignity and Excellence of Man (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1901).

Manning, S., ‘Environmental Ethics and Rawls' Theory of Justice’, Environmental Ethics, 3 (1981), 155–72.

Mao Tsetung, Selected Works (New York, 1954).

Marcuse, H., One Dimensional Man (Routledge, London, 1964).

Margalef, E., ‘On Certain Unifying Principles in Ecology’, American Naturalist, 97 (1963), 363–78.

Marsh, G. P., The Earth As Modified By Human Action (Scribner, New York, 1874).

Marsh, G. P. ‘The Earth As Modified By Human Action’, in Burton, I. and Kates, R. W., Readings in Resource Management and Conservation (Chicago University Press, Chicago, 1965).

Marshall, P., Nature's Web: An Exploration of Ecological Thinking (Simon and Schuster, London, 1992).

Martin, C., Keepers of the Game: Indian Animal Relations (University of California Press, Los Angeles, 1978).

Marx, K., Capital (Wishart, London, 1972) and (Foreign Publishing, Moscow, 1981).

Marx, K. and Engels, F., 8 Selected Works (Foreign Publishing, Moscow, 1954).

Marx, K. and Engels, F., On Religion (Foreign Publishing, Moscow, 1955).

Mark, K. and Engels, F., Collected Works (Lawrence and Wishart, Oxford, 1987).

Massey, S. C, ‘UNCED Will Not Culminate in a Successful Preventive Global Warming Treaty Without the United States Support’, Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law, 22 (1992), 175–93.

Mathews, F., ‘Conservation and Self Realisation: A Deep Ecology Perspective’, Environmental Ethics, 10 (1988), 351–83.

Mellor, M., Breaking the Boundaries: Towards A Feminist Green Socialism (Virago, London, 1992).

Mellos, K., Perspectives on Ecology (Macmillan, London, 1988).

Merchant, C., The Death of Nature: Women, Ecology and the Scientific Period (Wildwood, London, 1982).

Merchant, C., Radical Ecology: The Search for a Livable World (Routledge, London, 1992).

(p.197) Michaelsen, R. S, ‘American Indian Religious Freedom Litigation: Promises and Perils’, Journal of Law and Religion, 3 (1985), 47–58.

Midgley, M., The Beast and Man: The Roots of Human Nature (Harvester, London, 1980).

Midgley, M., ‘Is the Biosphere a Luxury?’, Hastings Centre Report, (1992), 7–15.

Midgley, M., ‘Towards a More Humane View of Beasts’, in Cooper and Palmer, (1992), 28–39.

Mill, J. S., Nature, The Utility of Religion and Theism (London, 1858).

Mill, J. S., Utilitarianism, Liberty and Representative Government (Dent, London, 1910).

Mill, J. S. Collected Works (University of Toronto Press, Toronto, 1986).

Miller, F. (ed.), Living In The Environment (London, 1975).

Mishan, E., ‘How Valid are Economic Evaluations of Allocative Changes?’, Journal of Economic Issues 14 (1980), 29–47.

Miss Ann Thropy, ‘Population and Aids’, Earth First!, 1 May 1987.

Mitchell, B., Law, Morality and Religion in a Secular Society (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1970).

Mitchell, W. J. T. (ed.), Landscape and Power (University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1994).

Molesworth, D. (ed.), The English Works of Thomas Hobbes of Malmsbury (John Bohn, London, 1841).

Moline, J. N., ‘Aldo Leopold and the Moral Community’, Environmental Ethics, 6 (1986), 113–21.

Moment, J., ‘Bears: The Need For A New Sanity in Wildlife Conservation’, Bioscience, 18, 1105–14.

Monbiot, G., ‘Supplying the Demand’, Guardian, 23 March 1992, 27.

Montefiore, D., ‘Man And Nature: A Theological Assessment’, Zygon, 12 (1977), 211–23.

Moore, G. E., Principa Ethica (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1903).

Moore, G. E., Philosophical Studies (Routledge, London, 1922).

Moore, J., ‘The Future Looks Bad For Ugly Species Too’, Daily Telegraph, 23 March 1992, 8.

Morgenthau, H., ‘Positivism, Functionalisrn and International Law’, American Journal of International Law, 34 (1940), 261–83.

Morito, B., ‘Value, Metaphysics and Anthropocentricism’, Environmental Values, 4 (1995), 31–45.

Moroni, A., Mamiani, M., and Zurlini, G., ‘From Domination Over Nature to Environmental Ethics: Scientific and Philosophical Foundations’, in Bourdeau (1989), 141–54.

Morris, B., ‘Reflections on Deep Ecology’, in Deep Ecology and Anarchism (Freedom Press, London, 1993), 37–46.

Morris, R. (ed.), On The Fifth Day: Animal Rights and Human Ethics (Acropolis, Washington, 1978).

Muir, J., Our National Parks (Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1901).

Mumford, L., The Culture of Cities (Seeker and Warberg, London, 1938).

Munasinghe, M., Environmental Economics and Sustainable Development (World Bank, Washington, 1993).

(p.198) Myers, N., ‘An Introduction To Environmental Thought’, Indiana Law Journal, 50 (1975), 432–63.

Myers, N., ‘A Major Extinction Spasm: Predictable or Inevitable?’, in Western and Pearl (1989), 42–9.

Myrdal, S., ‘Institutional Economies’, Journal of Economic Issues, 12 (1978), 6–17.

Naess, A., Ecology, Community and Lifestyle (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge).

Naess, A., ‘The Shallow and the Deep, Long Range Ecology Movement’, Inquiry, 16 (1973), 90–100.

Naess, A., ‘Spinoza and Ecology’, Philosophy, 7 (1977), 46–61.

Naess, A., ‘Self Realisation in Mixed Communities’, Inquiry, 22 (1979), 201–17.

Naess, A., ‘A Defence of the Deep Ecology Movement’, Environmental Ethics, 6 (1984), 265–73.

Naess, A., ‘Identification as a Source of Deep Ecological Attitudes’, in Tobias (1985), 48–62.

Naess, A., ‘The Deep Ecology Movement: Some Aspects’, Philosophical Inquiry, 8 (1986), 14–24.

Naess, A., ‘Deep Ecology and the Ultimate Premises’, Ecologist, 18 (1988), 128–35.

Naess, A., ‘The Basics of Deep Ecology’, in Button (1990), 130–35.

Narveson, J., ‘Utilitarianism and Future Generations’, Mind, 76 (1967), 64–82.

Narveson, J., ‘Animal Rights’, Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 7 (1977), 177–89.

Nash, J. A., ‘The Case for Biotic Rights’, Yale Journal of International Law, 18 (1993), 235–51.

Nash, R., ‘The American Invention of National Parks’, American Quarterly, 22 (1970), 726–35.

Nash, R., ‘Do Rocks Have Rights’, Centre Magazine, 10 (1977), 32–43.

Nasr, S. H., Man and Nature: The Spiritual Crisis in Modern Man (Unwin, London, 1968).

Navrud, S. (ed.), Pricing the European Environment (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1992).

Nelson, J. G. (ed.), International Experience With National Parks and Related Reserves (University of Waterloo Press, 1978).

Nelson, M. P., ‘A Defence of Environmental Ethics’, Environmental Ethics, 15 (1993), 245–57.

Niang, C. I., ‘From Ecological Crisis in the West to Energy Problems in Africa’, International Social Sciences Journal, 42 (1990), 226–40.

Nietzsche, F., The Gay Science (Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1975).

Nietzsche, F., A Nietzsche Reader (Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1977).

Nietzsche, F., Human, All Too Human (Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1978).

Nisbet, F., Kant's Political Writings (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1970).

Nordhaus, W. D., ‘To Slow, or Not to Slow: The Economics of the Greenhouse Effect’, Economic Journal, 101 (1991), 921–38.

Norgaard, R., Development Betrayed (Routledge, London, 1994).

Norton, B. G. (ed.), The Preservation of Species (Princeton University Press, New York, 1986).

(p.199) Norton, B. G. ‘Environmental Ethics and Non-human Rights’, Environmental Ethics, 4 (1982), 35–49.

Norton, B.G., ‘Environmental Ethics And The Rights Of Future Generations’, Environmental Ethics, 4 (1982), 322–35.

Norton, B.G., ‘Environmental Ethics and Weak Anthropocentricism’, Environmental Ethics, 6 (1984), 141–57.

Norton, B. G., ‘Sand Dollar Psychology’, The Washington Post Magazine, 1 June 1986, 11–14.

Norton, B.G., ‘Conservation and Preservation: A Conceptual Rehabilitation’, Environmental Ethics, 8 (1986), 195–211.

Norton, B. G., ‘Why Environmentalists Hate Mainstream Economists’, Environmental Ethics, 13 (1991) 335–51.

Norton, B. G., ‘Economists' Preferences and the Preferences of Economists’, Environmental Values, 3 (1994), 311–30.

Nozick, R., Anarchy, State, Utopia (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1974).

Nozick, R., Philosophical Explanations (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1981).

Oddie, G. and Perrett, R. (eds.), Justice, Ethics and New Zealand Society (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1992).

Odum, E. P., Fundamentals of Ecology (Saunders, Philadelphia, 1978).

Oelschlaeger, M., The Idea of Wilderness: From Prehistory to the Age of Ecology (Yale University Press, New York, 1991).

Omran, A. R., Family Planning and the Legacy of Islam (Routledge, London, 1992).

OʼNeill, J., Ecology, Policy and Politics: Human Weil-Being and the Natural World (Routledge, London, 1993).

Ophuls, W., Ecology and the Politics of Scarcity (Freeman, San Francisco, 1977).

Ophuls, W., ‘Scarcity Society’, Harpers, 248 (1974), 25–51.

Ophuls, W., ‘The Politics of the Sustainable Society’, in Pirages (1977), 161–219.

OʼRiordan, T., Environmentalism (Pion, London, 1981).

OʼRiordan, T., ‘The Ever Changing Politics of Nature Conservation in the United Kingdom’, Environment and Planning 22 (1990), 143–52.

Orr, D. W. (ed.), The Global Predicament (Duke University Press, North Carolina, 1979).

Orr, D. W., ‘Leviathan, the Open Society, and the Crisis of Ecology’, in Orr (1979), 308–18.

Orr, D. W., ‘Economics in a Hotter Time’, Ecologist, 22 (1992), 42–5.

Osborne, P. (ed.), Socialism and the Limits of Liberalism (Verso, London, 1991), 241, 249.

Oʼsullivan, M., The Four Seasons of Greek Philosophy (Efstathiadis, Cyprus, 1982).

Paehlke, R. C, Environmentalism and the Future of Progressive Politics (Yale University Press, New York, 1989).

Paehlke, R. C, ‘Development, Bureaucracy and Environmentalism’, Environmental Ethics, 10 (1988), 291–312.

Palme Commission, Disarmament and Security Issues (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1980).

(p.200) Palmer, G., Environmental Politics: A Greenprint for New Zealand (Mclndoe, Dunedin, 1990).

Panjabi, R. K. L., ‘Idealism and Self-Interest In International Law: The Rio Dilemma’, Californian Western International Law Journal, 23 (1992), 189–211.

Parfit, D., Reasons and Persons (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1984).

Parker, K., ‘The Values of a Habitat’, Environmental Ethics, 12 (1990), 353–64.

Parson, H., Marx and Engels on Ecology (Greenwood Press, Connecticut, 1977).

Partridge, E. (ed.), The Rights Of Future Generations (Prometheus, New York, 1981).

Pascal, B., Lettres Provincials, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1928).

Pascal, B., Pensees (Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1975).

Passmore, J., Man's Responsibility For Nature (Duckworth, London, 1974).

Passmore, J., ‘Removing the Rubbish: Reflections on the Ecological Craze’, Eincounter, (1974), 19–31.

Patten, B. C. and Odum, E. P., ‘The Cybernetic Nature of Ecosystems’, American Naturalist, 118 (1981), 886–97.

Patterson, C. H. (ed.), Humanistic Education: A Symposium (Sussex, 1981).

Pearce, D. W. (ed.), Blueprint 2: Greening the World Economy (Earthscan, London, 1991).

Pearce, D. W. and Barbier, E. B., Sustainable Development: Economics and the Environment in the Third World (Earthscan, London, 1990).

Pearce, D. W., Markandya, A., and Barbier, E. B., Blueprint for a Green Economy (Earthscan, London, 1989).

Pearce, D. W. and Turner, K., The Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment (Harvester, Hempstead, 1990).

Pearce, D. W. and Warford, J. J., World Without End: Economics, Environment and Sustainable Development (World Bank, Washington, 1993), 65–80.

Pearce, F., Green Warriors: The People and Politics Behind the Environmental Revolution (London, Bodley Head, 1991).

Pearson Commission, Partners in Development (Pall Mall Press, London, 1969).

Penning-Rowsell, E. C, Landscape Meanings and Values (Allen & Unwin, London, 1986).

Pepper, D., The Roots of Modern Environmentalism (Routledge, London, 1984).

Pepper, D., Eco-Socialism: From Deep Ecology to Social Justice (Routledge, London, 1993).

Pepper, D., ‘New Economics and the Deficiencies in Green Political Thought’, Political Quarterly, 58 (1987), 334–48.

Percival, R. V., ‘Back to Basics: An Environmental Policy for the 1990s’, Environmental Forum, 5 (1988), 21–33.

Peterson, J. J. and T. R., ‘A Rhetorical Critique of Non-Market Economic Valuations for Natural Resources’, Environmental Values, 2 (1993), 47–59.

Pierce, C. and Van De Veer, D., (eds.), People, Penguins and Plastic Trees: Basic Issues in Environmental Ethics (Wadsworth, London, 1995).

Pinchot, G., The Fight For Conservation (Harcourt Brace, New York, 1910).

Pinchot, G., Breaking New Ground (Harcourt Brace, New York, 1947).

Pirages, D. C. (ed.), The Sustainable Society (Praeger, New York, 1977).

Plant, C. and J. (eds.), Green Business: Hope or Hoax? (Green Books, Devon, 1991).

(p.201) Plato, Phaedo (Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1969).

Plato, The Republic, trans. F. Conford (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1974).

Pleumaron, A., ‘The Political Economy of Tourism’, Ecologist, 24 (1994), 142–9.

Plotinus, Enneads (Penguin, London, 1981).

Polak, F. L. The Image of the Future (Oceana, New York, 1961).

Polunin, N and Burnett, J. H. (eds.), Maintenance of the Biosphere. Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Environmental Future (Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 1990).

Ponting, C., A Green History of the World (Sinclair Stevenson, London, 1991).

Pope, A., An Essay on Man (Macmillan, Indianapolis, 1965).

Porritt, J., Seeing Green (Blackwell, Oxford, 1984).

Porritt, J., ‘Halting the G-7 Juggernaut’, Guardian, 16 July 1991.

Porritt, J., ‘Comment’, Green Magazine, 11 May 1992.

Porritt, J. and Winner, D., The Coming of the Greens (Fontana, London, 1988).

Porter, G. and Brown, J. W., Global Environmental Politics (Westview, Colorado, 1996).

Posner, R., ‘Utilitarianism, Economics and Legal Theory’, Journal of Legal Studies, 8 (1979), 103–13.

Potter, B., Bioethics: The Bridge to the Future (London, 1971).

Potter, R. B., ‘The Simple Structure of the Population Debate: The Logic of the Ecology Movement’, in Scherer (1983), 177–90.

Press, K., ‘Kosher Ecology’, Commentary, 79 (1985), 58–68.

Priestly, T. (ed.), Collected Works of J. S. Mill (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1954).

Primatt, H., A Dissertation on the Duty of Mercy and the Sin of Cruelty to Animals (Constable, Edinburgh, 1834).

Prins, G. (ed.), Threats Without Enemies: Facing Environmental Insecurity(Earthscan, London, 1993).

Pufendorf, S., The Law of Nature and of Nations (Oceana, New York, 1931), vol. II.

Rachels, J., ‘Darwin, Species and Morality’, Monist, 70 (1987), 98–114.

Rachels, J., ‘Created From Animals’, in Pierce and Van Der Veer (1995), 59–72.

Ragsdale, J. W., ‘Ecology, Growth and Law’, Ecology Law Quarterly, 16 (1980), 214–45.

Ramphal, S., Our Country the Planet (Lime Tree, London, 1992).

Ransom, D., ‘Green Justice’, New Internationalist, 230 (1992), 5–9.

Rawls, J., ‘The Sense of Justice’, Philosophical Review, 72 (1963), 284–311.

Rawls, J. A Theory of Justice (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1972).

Rawls, J., ‘Justice as Fairness: Political Not Metaphysical’, Philosophy and Public Affairs, 14 (1985), 223–47.

Ray, J., The Wisdom God Manifested in the Works of Creation (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1958).

Reagan, R., ‘Presidential Address on Environmental Issues’, Environmental Protection Agency Journal, 10 (1984), 35.

Redclift, M., Sustainable Development: Exploring the Contradictions (Routledge, London, 1987).

Redclift, M., ‘Sustainable Development: Needs Values, Rights’, Environmental Values, 2 (1993), 1–28.

(p.202) Rees, W. F., ‘The Ecology of Sustainable Development’, Ecologist, 20 (1990), 18–24.

Regan, T. (ed.), Ethics And Problems Of The Twenty-first Century (Random House, New York, 1976).

Regan, T. (ed.), All That Dwell Within: Essays on Animal Rights and Environmental Ethics (University of California Press, Berkeley, 1982).

Regan, T. (ed.), Earthbound: New Introductory Essays in Environmental Ethics (Random House, New York, 1982).

Regan, T. (ed.), An Introduction to Modern Moral Philosophy (Random House, New York, 1984).

Regan, T., The Case for Animal Rights (Routledge, London, 1988).

Regan, T., ‘The Moral Basis of Vegetarianism’, Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 5 (1975), 181–202.

Regan, T., ‘The Nature And Possibility Of An Environmental Ethic’, Environmental Ethics, 3 (1981), 25–38.

Regan, T. and Singer, P. (eds.), Animal Rights and Human Obligations (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1989).

Reinhart, P., ‘To Be Christian Is To Be Ecologist’, Epiphany, 6 (1985), 17–24.

Reinhart, P., ‘The Eleventh Commandment: Access to Christian Environmentalism’, Whole Earth Review, 50 (1986), 85–99.

Renteln, A. D., International Human Rights: Universalism vs Relativism (Sage, California, 1990).

Rescher, T., Welfare: The Social Issues in Philosophical Perspective (1972).

Robbins, T. (ed.), Cults, Culture and the Law: Perspectives on New Religious Movements (Scholars Press, California, 1985).

Roberts, R., ‘Law, Morality and Religion in a Christian Society’, Religious Studies, 20 (1984), 79–85.

Robinson, J. M. (ed.), John Stuart Mill: Essays on Ethics, Religions and Society(Routledge, London, 1969).

Rodgers, W., ‘Benefits, Costs and Risks: Oversight of Health and Decision Making’, Harvard Environmental Law Review, 4 (1980), 191–213.

Rodman, J. ‘The Dolphin Papers’, North American Review (1974), 12–27.

Rodman, J., ‘The Other Side of Ecology In Ancient Greece’, Inquiry, 19 (1976), 111–24.

Rodman, J., ‘The Liberation of Nature?’, Inquiry, 22 (1977), 83–96.

Rodman, J., ‘Four Forms of Ecological Consciousness Reconsidered’, in Scherer (1983), 82–90.

Rolston, H., Environmental Ethics: Duties and Values in the Natural World(Temple University Press, Philadelphia, 1988).

Rolston, H., ‘Is There an Ecological Ethic?’, Ethics, 85 (1974), 93–117.

Rolston, H., ‘Values Gone Wild’, Inquiry, 26 (1983), 193–211.

Rolston, H., ‘Valuing Wetlands’, Environmental Ethics, 1 (1985), 38–54.

Rolston, H., ‘Biology Without Conservation: An Environmental Misfit and Contradiction in Terms’, in Western and Pearl (1989), 232–40.

Rolston, H., ‘Values and Duties to the Natural World’, in Bormann and Kettert (1991), 73–80.

Rolston, H., ‘Challenges in Environmental Ethics’, in Cooper and Palmer (1992), 135–8.

(p.203) Rolston, H., ‘The Wilderness Idea Reaffirmed’, The Environmental Professional, 13 (1992), 370–7.

Rolston, H., ‘Rights and Responsibilities on the Home Planet’, Yale Journal of International Law, 18 (1993), 251–61.

Rolston, H., ‘Value in Nature and the Nature of Value’, in Attfield (1994).

Ross, A., The Chicago Gangster Theory of Life: Nature's Debt To Society (Verso, London, 1994).

Ross, J. (ed.), The Portable Renaissance Reader (Harmonsdworth, Penguin, 1977).

Rousseau, H., The Social Contract and Discourses (Dent, London, 1913).

Rousseau, J. J., Discourse on the Origins of Inequality Among Men (Everyman, London, 1961).

Rousseau, J. J., The Social Contract (Dent, 1973).

Routley, R., ‘Critical Notice of Passmore's Man's Responsibility for Nature’, Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 53 (1975), 177–83.

Routley, R. and V., ‘Against the Inevitability of Human Chauvinism’, in Goodpaster (1976), 41–52.

Routley, R. and V., ‘Nuclear Energy and Obligations to the Future’, Inquiry, 21 (1978), 128–37.

Rowe, H., ‘Kakadu Man's Concession’, Green Magazine, April 1991, 61.

Royal Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Information on Whaling (Norway, 1993).

Ruckelshaus, N., ‘Risk, Science and Democracy’, Issues in Science and Technology, 3 (1985), 28–41.

Ruitenbeek, H. J., The Economic Analysis of Tropical Forest Conservation Initiatives: Examples From West Africa (World Bank, Washington, 1992).

Rummel-Bulska, I. (ed.), Selected Multilateral Treaties in the Field of the Environment (Grotius, Cambridge, 1991).

Russell, B., A History of Western Philosophy (Allen and Unwin, London, 1946).

Russell, B., The Principles of Human Experimental Technique (Allen and Unwin, London, 1959).

Rusta, B. and Simma, B. (eds.), International Protection of the Environment (New York, 1976).

Sabine, G. H. and Thorson, T. L., A History of Political Theory (Dryden, Illinois, 1973).

Sachs, W. (ed.), Global Ecology: A New Area of Political Conflict (Zed, London, 1993).

Sadler, B., Environmental Aesthetics: Essays in Interpretation (Sadler & Carlson, Toronto, 1982).

Sagoff, M., The Economy of the Earth (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1990).

Sagoff, M., ‘On Preserving the Natural Environment: A Non-utilitarian Rationale For Preserving the Natural Environment’, Yale Law Journal, 84 (1974), 234–67.

Sagoff, M., ‘On The Preservation Of Species’, Colombia Journal of Environmental Law, 7 (1980), 52–74.

Sagoff, M., ‘At The Shrine Of Our Lady Fatima or Why Not All Political Questions Are Not All Economic’, Arizona Law Review, 23 (1981), 1290–319.

(p.204) Sagoff, M., ‘We Have Met the Enemy and He is Us, or Conflict and Contradiction in Environmental Law’, Environmental Law, 12 (1982), 383–404.

Sagoff, M., ‘Animal Liberation and Environmental Ethics: Bad Marriage, Quick Divorce’, Osgoode Hall Law Journal, 22 (1984), 304–25.

Sagoff, M., ‘Fact and Value in Ecological Science’, Environmental Ethics, 7 (1985), 99, 105.

Sagoff, M., ‘Reason and Rationality in Environmental Law’, Ecology Law Quarterly, 14 (1987), 265–73.

Sagoff, M., ‘Integrating Science and Law’, Tennessee Law Review, 56 (1988), 159–68.

Sagoff, M., ‘Four Dogmas of Environmental Economies’, Environmental Values, 3 (1994), 285–303.

Salt, H., Animal Rights Connected in Relation to Social Progress (George Bell, London, 1987).

Sandbrook, R., ‘Development for the People and the Environment’, Journal of International Affairs, 41 (1991), 403–18.

Sanders, B. L. (ed.), Contemporary International Politics: Introductory Readings (Wiley, New York, 1971).

Sands, P. (ed.), Greening International Law (Earthscan, London, 1993).

Santayana, G., The Sense of Beauty (Dover, 1955).

Sapontzis, S. F., ‘The Moral Significance of Interests’, Environmental Ethics, 4 (1982), 347–64.

Saunders, P. M. (ed.), The Legal Challenge of Sustainable Development (Canadian Institute of Resource Law, Calgary, 1990).

Scharlemann, R. P., ‘A Theological Model of Nature’, Bucknell Review, 20 (1972), 104–15.

Scherer, D. (ed.), Ethics and the Environment (Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1983).

Scherer. D., ‘Anthropocentricism, Atomism and Environmental Ethics’, Environmental Ethics, 4 (1982), 115–28.

Scherer, D., ‘A Disenthropic Ethic’, Monist, 71 (1988), 6–19.

Schmidt, A., The Concept of Nature in Marx (New Left, London, 1971).

Schopenhaur, A., The World as Will and Representation (Kegan Paul, New York, 1969).

Schumacher, F., Small is Beautiful (Abacus, London, 1973).

Schumacher, F., A Guide for the Perplexed (Abacus, London, 1980).

Schwartz, W. and D., Breaking Through (Green Books, Devon, 1987).

Schwartzchild, S., ‘The Unnatural Jew’, Environmental Ethics, 6 (1984), 347–67.

Schwarz, W., ‘Anatomy of an Eco-Anarchist’, Guardian, 15 May 1992.

Schwarzenberger, G., Power Politics (Stevens, London, 1964).

Schweitzer, A., Civilisation and Ethics (Black, London, 1929).

Schweitzer, A., Out of My Life and Thought (Henry Holt, New York, 1961).

Scott, W., The Conflict Between Atomism and the Conservation Theory (MacDonald, London, 1970).

Seelman, H., ‘Towards Ecological Justice’, Christ and Crisis, 38 (1978), 250–63.

Sellers, W., ‘Science or Scenery? A Conflict in Values in National Parks’, Wilderness, 52 (1989), 29–38.

Sergeant, E., The Spectrum of Pain (London, 1969).

(p.205) Sessions, G., ‘Anthropocentricism and the Environmental Crisis’, Humboldt Journal of Social Relations, 2 (1974), 73–89.

Sessions, G., ‘Spinoza and Jefferson Man in Nature’, Inquiry, 20 (1977), 481–92.

Sessions, G., ‘The Deep Ecology Movement: A Review’, Environmental Review, 11 (1987), 107–21.

Shaddow, T. H., ‘Religious Ritual Exemptions: Sacrificing Animal Rights for Ideology’, Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review, 24 (1991), 1367–78.

Shaiko, R. G., ‘Religion, Politics and Environmental Concern: A Powerful Mix of Passions’, Social Sciences Quarterly, 68 (1987), 244–58.

Sheldrake, R., The Rebirth of Nature: The Greening of Science and God (Rider, London, 1990).

Shepard, P., ‘Ecology and Man’, in Disch (1970), 52–8.

Sherrard, P., The Rape of Man and Nature (Golgonooza, Suffolk, 1987).

Shields, A., ‘Wilderness: Its Meaning and Value’; Southern Journal of Philosophy, 11 (1973), 240–56.

Short, J. R., Imagined Country: Society, Culture and Environment (Routledge, London, 1991).

Siddwick, H., The Methods of Ethics (Macmillan, London, 1893) and (Routledge, London, 1962).

Singer, B., ‘An Extension of Rawls' Theory of Justice to Environmental Ethics’, Environmental Ethics, 10 (1988), 211–24.

Singer, P., Animal Liberation: Towards an End to Man's Inhumanity to Animals (Cape, London, 1976).

Singer, P. Animal Liberation: A New Ethic for Our Treatment of Animals (Paladin, Sydney, 1977).

Singer, P., Practical Ethics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1993).

Singer, P., ‘All Animals are Equal’, Philosophic Exchange, 1 (1974), 103–16.

Singer, P., ‘Not for Humans Only: The Place of Non-humans in Environmental Issues’, in Regan (1976), 199–216.

Singer, P., ‘Killing Humans and Killing Animals’, Inquiry, 22 (1979), 152–64.

Singer, P., ‘Utilitarianism and Vegetarianism’, Philosophy and Public Affairs, 9 (1979–80), 327–48.

Singleton, J., ‘Do the Greens Threaten the Reds?’, World Today, 46 (1986), 160–74.

Skare, M., ‘Whaling: A Sustainable Use of Natural Resources or a Violation of Animal Rights?’, Environment, 36 (1994), 12–31.

Skolimowski, H., Eco-Philosophy: Designing New Tactics for Living (Boyars, London, 1981).

Skolimowski, H., Living Philosophy: Eco-Philosophy as a Tree of Life (Arkana, London, 1992).

Skolimowski, H., ‘Eco-Philosophy and Deep Ecology’, Ecologist, 18 (1988), 124–9.

Smart, N., The Philosophy of Religion (Random House, New York, 1970).

Smith, A., The Theory of Moral Sentiments (Methuen, London, 1904).

Smith, A., An Enquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (Methuen, Book 1, 1904).

(p.206) Smith, D., ‘Ecological Genesis Of Endangered Species: The Philosophy Of Preservation’, Annual Review Of Ecological Systems, 1 (1976), 43–56.

Smith, E. M., ‘The Endangered Species Act and Biological Conservation’, Southern California Law Review, 57 (1984), 361–89.

Smith, L., ‘A Hurricane Whipped Up By Windmills’, Independent, 25 January 1992, 15.

Smith, S. ‘The Messes Animals Make In Metaphysics’, Journal of Philosophy, 46 (1949), 150–65.

Sober, E., ‘Philosophical Problems For Environmentalism’, in Gruen and Jamieson (1994), 345–54.

Soderbaum, P., ‘Economics, Evaluation and Environment’, in Hall, Myers and Maganis (1985), 215–27.

Soderbaum, P., ‘Neoclassical and Institutional Approaches to Environmental Economics’ Journal of Economic Issues, 24 (1991), 481–98.

Solomon, R. C, Introducing Philosophy (Harcourt, London, 1993).

Sophocles, Theban Plays (Harmondsworth, 1947).

South Commission, The Challenge of the South (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1990).

Spindle, G. S., ‘A Response to Elliot Richardson’, John Marshall Law Review, 25 (1991), 33–53.

Spinoza, Ethics (Dent and Sons, London, 1959).

Spitler, G., ‘Justifying a Respect for Nature’, Environmental Ethics, 4 (1982), 256–69.

Splash, C. L., ‘Economics, Ethics and Long Term Environmental Damage’, Environmental Ethics, 15 (1993), 117–33.

Spretnak, C, The Spiritual Dimension of Green Politics (Bear, New Mexico, 1986).

Spretnak, C. and Capra, F., Green Politics (Bear, New Mexico, 1986).

Stambor, H., ‘Manifest Destiny and American Indian Religious Freedom’, American Indian Law Review, 10 (1982), 59–86.

Stanley, G. (ed.), Characteristics (Bobbs-Merril, New York, 1964).

Starke, L. (ed.), Signs of Hope: Working Towards Our Common Future (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1990).

Stephen, C., ‘Varieties of Individualism’, Berkeley Journal of Sociology, 28 (1983), 115–23.

Sterba, J. P. ‘The Welfare Rights Of Distant People And Future Generations: Moral Side-Constraints On Social Policy’, Social Theory and Practice, 1 (1981), 110–27.

Sterba, J. P., ‘Reconciling Anthropocentric and Non-Anthropocentric Ethics’, Environmental Values, 3 (1994), 229–40.

Sterba, J. P., ‘From Biocentric Individualism to Biocentric Pluralism’, Environmental Ethics, 17 (1995), 191–205.

Sterling, S., ‘Culture, Ethics and the New Environment: Towards a New Synthesis’, Environmentalist, 5 (1990), 197–208.

Sterling, S., ‘Towards an Ecological World View’, in Engel (1990), 72–81.

Stevenson, C. P., ‘A New Perspective on Environmental Rights After the Charter’, Osgoode Hall Law Journal, 21 (1983), 390–9.

(p.207) Stirling, A., ‘Environmental Valuation: How Much is the Emperor Wearing?’, Ecologist, 23 (1993), 97–108.

Stone, C., ‘Moral Pluralism and the Course of Environmental Ethics’, Environmental Ethics, 10 (1988), 147–65.

Stretton, H., Capitalism, Socialism and the Environment (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1978).

Sullivan, A., Greening the Tories (Centre For Policy Studies, London, 1985).

Sumi, K., ‘The Whale War Between Japan and the United States: Problems and Prospects’, Denver Journal of International Law and Policy, 17 (1989), 317–50.

Summers, L., ‘Why the Rich Should Pollute the Poor’, Guardian, 14 February 1992, 29.

Susskind, L. E., Environmental Diplomacy: Negotiating More Effective Environmental Agreements (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1994).

Swardson, A., ‘Canada to Boost Seal Hunting’, Guardian International, 19 March 1995, 3.

Sykes, S., ‘The Cutting Edge’, Green Magazine, April 1992, 34, 37.

Sylvan, R., ‘A Critique of Deep Ecology’, Radical Philosophy, 40. 2, 7.

Sylvan, R., ‘On the Value Core of Deep Green Theory’, in Oddie and Perrett (1992), 222–39.

Taliaferro, C., ‘The Environmental Ethics of an Ideal Observer’, Environmental Ethics, 10 (1988), 233.

Tarlock, D., ‘Earth and Other Ethics: The Institutional Issues’, Tennessee Law Review, 56 (1988), 43–62.

Taylor, A., Choosing Our Future: A Practical Politics of the Environment (Routledge, London, 1992).

Taylor, P., Respect for Life: A Theory of Environmental Ethics (Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1986).

Taylor, P., ‘Frankena On Environmental Ethics’, Monist, 64 (1981), 375–95.

Taylor, P., ‘The Ethics of a Respect for Nature’, Environmental Ethics, 3 (1981), 201–20.

Taylor, P., ‘Are Humans Superior to Animals and Plants?’, Environmental Ethics, (1984), 157–69.

Thomas, K., Man and the Natural World: Changing Attitudes in England 1500–1800 (Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1984).

Thompson, J., ‘Aesthetics and the Value of Nature’, Environmental Ethics, 17 (1995), 291–314.

Thoreau, H. J., Excursions and Poems (Houghton, Boston, 1906).

Thucydides History of the Peloponnesian War (Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1954).

Tietenberg, T., ‘The Poverty Connection to Environmental Policy’, Challenge, 33 (1990), 23–9.

Timmerman, P., ‘Mythology and Surprise in the Sustainable Development of the Biosphere’, in Clark and Mum (1986), 430–8.

Tobias, D., Deep Ecology (San Diego, 1985).

Tokar, B., ‘Social Ecology, Deep Ecology and the Future of Green Political Thought’, Ecologist, 18 (1988), 132–49.

Tolman, C. ‘Karl Marx, Alienation and the Mastery of Nature’, Environmental Ethics, 3 (1981), 63–78.

(p.208) Toulmin, S., ‘The Case For Cosmic Purpose’, Tennessee Law Review, 56 (1988), 37–50.

Travis, J. L., ‘Progressivism and the Human Supremacy Argument’, Philosophical Forum, 3 (1972), 208–21.

Trechman, E. J., Essays of Montaigne (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1927).

Tribe, L., ‘Trial By Mathematics: Precision and Ritual In Legal Process’, Harvard Law Review, 84 (1971), 1361–94.

Tribe, L., ‘From Environmental Foundations To Constitutional Structures: Learning From Nature's Future’, Yale Law Journal, 84 (1974), 548–89.

Tribe, L., ‘Ways Not to Think About Plastic Trees: New Foundations For Environmental Law’, Yale Law Journal, 83 (1975), 1325–50.

Tuan, Y., A Study of Environmental Perception, Attitudes and Values (Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1974).

Turnbull, C., The Forest People (Triad Paladin, London, 1962).

Turner, R. K., Sustainable Environmental Economics: Management, Principles and Practice (Belhaven, London, 1993).

Turner, R. K., ‘Environment, Economics and Ethics’, in Pearce, D. (1991), 167–89.

Udall, S., The Quiet Crisis and the Next Generation (Gibbs Smith, Utah, 1988).

UNEP, Poverty and the Environment: Reconciling Short-Term Needs and Long-Term Sustainable Goals (Nairobi), 1995).

UNEP/Brown, N. J., Ethics and Agenda 21: Moral Implications of a Global Consensus (United Nations, New York, 1994).

UNICEF, State of the World's Children (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1993).

Vallance, P. (ed.), A Hundred English Essays (Macmillan, London, 1950).

Van De Veer, D., ‘Of Beasts, Persons and the Original Position’, Monist, 62 (1979), 371–85.

Varner, G. E. ‘Do Species Have Standing’, Environmental Ethics, 9 (1987), 71–89.

Vidal, J., ‘Earth Soundings’, Guardian, 3 April 1992.

Vidal, J., ‘Drawing the Poison’, Guardian, 23 April 1992, 8.

Vidal, J., ‘Weeping and Whaling’, Guardian, 7 May 1993, 18.

Vidal, J. ‘America Versus The World’, Guardian, 15 May 1992.

Vig, N. J. and Kraft, M. E. (eds.), Environmental Policy in the 1990s (Washington, 1990).

Waddel, H., Beasts and Saints (Constable, London, 1949).

Waitari, G., The Roots of Heaven (London, 1958).

Walker, B., ‘Diversity and Stability in Ecosystem Conservation’, in Western and Pearl (1989), 121–30.

Walker, K. J., ‘The Environmental Crisis:A Critique of Neo-Hobbesian Responses’, Polity, 21 (1988), 67–88.

Wall, D. (ed.), Green History: A Reader in Environmental Literature, Philosophy and Politics (Routledge, London, 1994).

Warren, K. J., ‘Feminism and Ecology: Making Connections’, Environmental Ethics, 9 (1987), 3–14.

Watkins, K., ‘Trade Route of Almost All Evils’, Guardian, 6 March 1992, 29.

Watson, R. A., ‘A Critique of Anti Anthropocentric Biocentrism’, Environmental Ethics, 5 (1983), 253–68.

(p.209) Watson, R. A., ‘Challenging The Underlying Dogmas Of Environmentalism’, Whole Earth Review, 45 (1985), 9–19.

Weale, A., The New Politics of Pollution (Manchester University Press, Manchester, 1992).

Webb, B. and S., Soviet Communism: A New Civilisation (Longman, London, 1941).

Weber, W., ‘Morality and National Power in International Polities’, Review of Politics, 26 (1964), 31–62.

Weiss, E. B., In Fairness To Future Generations (United Nations University, Japan, 1989).

Weiss, E. B., ‘The Planetary Trust: Consequences and Intergenerational Equity’, Ecology Law Quarterly, 11 (1984), 453–572.

Wenz, P. S., Environmental Justice (State of New York University Press, Albany, 1988).

Wenz, P. S., ‘Minimal, Moderate and Extreme Pluralism’, Environmental Ethics, 15 (1993), 61–74.

Wenzel, J., Animal Rights, Human Rights: Ecology, Economy and Ideology in the Canadian Arctic (Belhaven, London, 1991).

Western, D. and Pearl, M. (eds.), Conservation for the Twenty-first Century (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1989).

Westfall, R., A Biography of Isaac Newton (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1980).

Weston, A., ‘Beyond Intrinsic Value: Pragmatism In Environmental Ethics’, Environmental Ethics, 7 (1985), 331–48.

Weston, A., ‘Forms Of Gaian Ethics’, Environmental Ethics, 9 (1987), 220–32.

Westra, A., ‘Let It Be: Heideggger And Future Generations’, Environmental Ethics, 7 (1985), 348–62.

Wheelwright, H., The PreSocratics (Indianapolis, 1960).

Whewell, W., Lectures on the History of Moral Philosophy of England (Parker, London, 1852).

White, J., ‘Native American Religious Issues’, The Indian Historian, 13 (1980), 39–64.

White, L., ‘The Historical Roots of the Environmental Crisis’, Science, 155 (1967), 1205–21.

Whitehead, A. N., Science and the Modern World (Macmillan, London, 1925).

Wiggins, A., ‘Indian Rights and the Environment’, Yale Journal of International Law, 18 (1993), 345, 349–51.

Williams, D., ‘Subjectivity, Expression and Privacy: The Problems of Aesthetic Regulation’, Minnesota Law Review, 62 (1977), 1–57.

Williams, G., Wilderness and Paradise in Christian Thought (Harper, New York, 1962).

Wilson, A., The Culture of Nature: North American Landscape from Disney to the Exxon Valdez (Blackwell, London, 1992).

Wilson, E. O., Biophilia (Harvard University Press, Massachusetts, 1984).

Wilson, E. O. (ed.), Biodiversity (National Academy Press, Washington, 1988).

Windelband, W., An Introduction to Philosophy (Fisher Unwin, London, 1921).

Wittgenstein, L., Philosophical Investigations (Blackwell, Oxford, 1953).

(p.210) Wolfrum, D. (ed.), The Antarctica Challenge (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1988).

Wood, H. W., ‘Modern Pantheism As An Approach To Environmental Ethics’, Environmental Ethics, 7 (1985), 159–76.

Wood, H. W., ‘The United Nations Charter for Nature’, Ecology Law Quarterly, 12 (1985), 977–90.

Woodbury, S. E., ‘Aesthetic Nuisance: The Time Has Come to Recognise It’, Natural Resources Journal, 27 (1987), 877–82.

World Bank, World Development Report 1992: Development and the Environment (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1992).

World Bank, Malaysia: Forestry Subsector Report (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1992).

World Commission on Environment and Development, Our Common Future (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1987).

Worster, D., ‘The Shaky Grounds of Sustainability’, in Sachs (1993), 132–44.

Wynne-Tyson, J. (ed.), The Extended Circle: An Anthology of Humane Thought (Cardinal, Sussex, 1990).

Yaffee, S. L., Prohibitive Policy: Implementing the Federal Endangered Species Act (MIT Press, Massachusetts, 1982).

Young, J., Post Environmentalism (Belhaven, London, 1990).

Young, O., ‘Natural Resources Policy: A Modest Plea for Political Analysis’, Ocean Development and International Law Journal, 8 (1980), 183–93.

Zak, S., ‘The Case for Animal Rights’, Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review, 20 (1987), 1236–45.

Zimmerman, M. E., ‘Towards a Heideggerean Ethics for Radical Environmentalism’, Environmental Ethics, 5 (1983), 123–35.

Zimmerman, M. E., ‘Beyond Humanism: Heidegger's Understanding of Technology’, Listening, 12 (1977), 81–94.