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The Local Governance of Crime: Appeals to Community and Partnerships$
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Adam Crawford

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198298458

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298458.001.0001

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The Shifting Social and Political Context: Questions of Legitimacy and Responsibility

The Shifting Social and Political Context: Questions of Legitimacy and Responsibility

Chapter:
(p.63) 3 The Shifting Social and Political Context: Questions of Legitimacy and Responsibility
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The Local Governance of Crime: Appeals to Community and Partnerships
Author(s):

Adam Crawford

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298458.003.0003

This chapter tries to resolve the following questions: Why should this conceptual shift to ‘community’, ‘prevention’, and ‘partnerships’ have taken place? And why at this particular historic juncture? It begins by reviewing and critically assessing some of the contemporary explanations advanced for the emergence of ‘community partnerships’ in the late twentieth century. This will involve the examination of policy and academic justifications for the current trends in criminal-justice discourse. Then, it explores the advancement of an alternative analysis, focusing on the issues of legitimacy and responsibility. It also argues that appeals to ‘community’ and ‘partnerships’ make up an important element in the recalibration of what constitutes the legitimate responsibilities of individuals, groups, and the state. Moreover, it sketches out and accents a number of broad political trends and shifts which are simultaneously unfolding across a variety of areas of social life.

Keywords:   legitimacy, responsibility, community partnerships, crime prevention, crime policy, criminal justice

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