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The Mortality Crisis in Transitional Economies$
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Giovanni Andrea Cornia and Renato Paniccià

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198297413

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297413.001.0001

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When the Welfare State Works: Unemployment and Mortality in Finland  

When the Welfare State Works: Unemployment and Mortality in Finland  

Chapter:
(p.351) 15 When the Welfare State Works: Unemployment and Mortality in Finland 
Source:
The Mortality Crisis in Transitional Economies
Author(s):

Markus Jäntti

Pekka Martikainen

Tapani Valkonen

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297413.003.0015

During the 1990's Finland experienced a great economic recession which lasted until 1997. As a result unemployment rate in Finland rose to 17 percent in 1997 from 3.4 percent in 1990. However, due to the stable income distribution within the Finnish society, health and social services for the unemployed were not compromised. This chapter deals with the relationship of unemployment and mortality rate in this country. In studying the said relation between the two variables, two things must be kept in mind: first, unemployment contributes to higher mortality rate due to psychosocial stress and that people who can be included in the mortality rate are among those who are not likely to be employed. The study uses data gathered at the municipal level.

Keywords:   Finland, welfare state, economic recession, health services, social services, psychosocial stress

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