Population Crisis and Rising Mortality in Transitional Russia
Among the countries covered by this study, Russia is one of the most hard hit by the mortality crises that happened during the transition period. A number of factors such as the two million excess deaths among Russians, low marriage rate, rise in divorce rate and a drop in fertility rate contributed to the shrinking of the population of Russia. However, this dwindling trend was countered by immigration and a sharp drop in emigration. This study focuses on the reasons of the greater persistence of mortality crises in Russia than among its transition peers. As stated in the preceding chapters, mortality crises has affected Russia so much to the extent that the life expectancy of India — which is a poor agricultural country — is three years longer than that of Russia’s.
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