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War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2$
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E. Wayne Nafziger, Frances Stewart, and Raimo Väyrynen

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198297406

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.001.0001

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Liberia and Sierra Leone: The Competition for Patronage in Resource-Rich Economies

Liberia and Sierra Leone: The Competition for Patronage in Resource-Rich Economies

Chapter:
(p.231) 8 Liberia and Sierra Leone: The Competition for Patronage in Resource-Rich Economies
Source:
War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2
Author(s):

WILLIAM RENO

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0008

As a consequence of the collapse of Cold War-era patron–client politics, Liberia and Sierra Leone are cases of humanitarian emergencies. The humanitarian emergencies in both states are due to the collapse of their governments, particularly systems of rule. These countries experienced Cold War ruler's ability to control natural resources, as well as regional markets, in order to enhance their powers. After the Cold War, conditions for aid for abroad were required, as well as the imposition of economic reforms mandated by the World Bank, and these pressures exposed Liberia and Sierra Leone to different vulnerabilities. In this chapter, an analysis of the relationship between politics and the market is given, as well as an explanation of how changes in them affect the countries. Patron–client politics is also focused as well, so as to help the reader understand the breakdown of such and the struggles it undergoes so that its terms may be redefined.

Keywords:   Liberia, Sierra Leone, Cold War, patron–client politics, humanitarian emergencies, World Bank, market

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