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War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2$
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E. Wayne Nafziger, Frances Stewart, and Raimo Väyrynen

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198297406

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.001.0001

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El Salvador: Economic Disparities, External Intervention, and Civil Conflict

El Salvador: Economic Disparities, External Intervention, and Civil Conflict

Chapter:
(p.365) 12 El Salvador: Economic Disparities, External Intervention, and Civil Conflict
Source:
War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2
Author(s):

MANUEL PASTOR

JAMES K BOYCE

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0012

Civil wars which occured during the 1980s in El Salvador were key factors in the complex humanitarian emergencies (CHE) that occured in the country. Economic slowdown during the 1980s, when commodity prices dropped and the generalized macroeconomic crisis that affected Latin America occured, is also seen as one of the causes of the CHE. This chapter discusses the economic causes of conflict-driven CHE and how to effectuate peace-building and new economic policy, after which analyses of the economic causes of conflicts and the resulting CHE in Central America, particularly El Salvador, are given. The chapter also presents short-run issues of economic and political stabilization, as well as the long-term policy related to economic causes of conflict. It concludes by offering observations on theory and policy, especially for the practice of international financial institutions that may provide aid to such societies.

Keywords:   El Salvador, civil war, economic slowdown, macroeconomic crisis, humanitarian emergency, political stabilization

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