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War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2$
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E. Wayne Nafziger, Frances Stewart, and Raimo Väyrynen

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198297406

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.001.0001

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Haiti: Towards the Abyss? Poverty, Dependence, and Resource Depletion

Haiti: Towards the Abyss? Poverty, Dependence, and Resource Depletion

Chapter:
(p.333) 11 Haiti: Towards the Abyss? Poverty, Dependence, and Resource Depletion
Source:
War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2
Author(s):

Mats Lundahl

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0011

News from Haiti has seldom been positive for the past four decades and it has always had bad press coverage. Though some errors have been corrected, the Haitian case is still considered as an emergency in human or humanitarian terms. Though Haiti does not technically meet the specifications of a humanitarian emergency, since the death count is not extensive and civil war in Haiti did not develop into whole-scale violence, its situation regarding the per capita income, nutrition, health, and refugee flows has been crucial enough to consider it as an emergency case. Haiti can thus be considered as a ‘potential’ rather than actual emergency. The decline of the living standards in the country have made the scenario even worse. This chapter presents the main causes of emergency conditions in Haiti. Economic factors are discussed, followed by the interaction between politics and economics. The chapter also identifies long-standing Haitian conflicts, and reveals Haiti's obstacles to economic development and recent changes in politics.

Keywords:   Haiti, humanitarian emergency, living standards, development

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