From Conquest to Containment: The Legacy of Occupation
This chapter discusses the initial post-World War II planning of the U.S. and the legacy of occupation. After the war, the U.S. deployed occupation forces in Germany and Japan, two principal enemy powers it had defeated, and its two associate countries, Italy and Korea. The U.S. did not originally plan to retain long-term garrisons in these four countries but it was prompted by the onset of the Cold War. In addition, the U.S. also maintained occupation forces for ten years in Austria, which were only withdrawn after the signing of the Austrian State Treaty in 1955.
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